AffiliationUniversity of Chichester; Radboud University; University of Chester
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AbstractDot-probe or visual probe tasks (VPTs) are used extensively to measure attentional biases. A novel variant termed the cued VPT (cVPT) was developed to focus on the anticipatory component of attentional bias. This study aimed to establish an anticipatory attentional bias to threat using the cVPT and compare its split-half reliability with a typical dot-probe task. A total of 120 students performed the cVPT task and dot-probe tasks. Essentially, the cVPT uses cues that predict the location of pictorial threatening stimuli, but on trials on which probe stimuli are presented the pictures do not appear. Hence, actual presentation of emotional stimuli did not affect responses. The reliability of the cVPT was higher at most cue–stimulus intervals and was .56 overall. A clear anticipatory attentional bias was found. In conclusion, the cVPT may be of methodological and theoretical interest. Using visually neutral predictive cues may remove sources of noise that negatively impact reliability. Predictive cues are able to bias response selection, suggesting a role of predicted outcomes in automatic processes.
CitationGladwin, T.E., Mobius, M., McLoughlin, S., & Tyndall, I. (2018 - in press). Anticipatory versus reactive spatial attentional bias to threat. British Journal of Psychology..
JournalBritish Journal of Psychology
DescriptionThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Gladwin, T.E., Mobius, M., McLoughlin, S., & Tyndall, I. (2018 - in press). Anticipatory versus reactive spatial attentional bias to threat. British Journal of Psychology., which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12309 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving
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