Recent Submissions

  • Are you lookin’ at me? A mixed-methods case study to investigate the influence of coaches’ presence on performance testing outcomes in male academy rugby league players

    Richardson, Ben; Dobbin, Nick; orcid: 0000-0001-7508-1683; White, Christopher; Bloyce, Daniel; Twist, Craig; orcid: 0000-0001-6168-0378 (SAGE Publications, 2022-09-21)
    The study used a mixed-methods approach to examine how the presence of coaches influenced male academy rugby league players’ performance during physical performance testing. Fifteen male rugby players completed two trials of 20 m sprint, countermovement jump and prone Yo-Yo test; one with only the sport scientist present and a second where the sport scientist conducted the battery with both the club's lead strength and conditioning coach, academy manager, and the first team assistant and head coach present. Players and coaches then completed one-to-one semi-structured interviews to explore their beliefs, attitudes and opinions towards physical performance testing. In all tests, the players’ performance was better when the coaches were present compared to when tests were conducted by the sport scientist alone. Interviews revealed performance testing was used by coaches to exercise their power over players to socialise them into the desired culture. Players’ own power was evident through additional effort during testing when coaches were present. Practitioners should ensure consistency in the presence of significant observers during performance testing of male rugby players to minimise their influence on test outcome.
  • Welfare Conditionality, Ethics and Social Care for Older People in the UK: From Civic Rights to Abandonment?

    Carey, Malcolm (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2021-12-13)
    Abstract Welfare systems are becoming ever more conditional, with access to state support increasingly rationed via a legion of legally-defined and financially-driven restrictions and rules. Civic protection and economic rights for older citizens within Western policy systems are subsequently diminishing and continue to give way to neoliberal discursive practices which prioritise welfare activation, autonomy, participation, asset-based yet precarious self-care, the aversion of health-centred risks, and much higher levels of eligibility for support. This article looks at welfare conditionality and its relationship to older people, ethics and governance within social care. By using three examples of welfare conditional reforms from the UK, it is highlighted that strains typically persist between the altruistic components of some ethical frameworks and the everyday experiences of many older people. The relative gatekeeping powers of welfare professionals and expectations placed on family members and carers have also increased, especially upon older people with higher needs and who may lack economic and cultural capital. This is despite rhetorical policy-led claims of increasing choice and control, and allowing support to be more asset-based and personalised.
  • Correction: Wiśniewska et al. Heterospecific Fear and Avoidance Behaviour in Domestic Horses (<i>Equus caballus</i>). <i>Animals</i> 2021, <i>11</i>, 3081.

    Wiśniewska, Anna; orcid: 0000-0003-1127-2960; Janczarek, Iwona; orcid: 0000-0001-9032-8840; Wilk, Izabela; orcid: 0000-0001-7958-2303; Tkaczyk, Ewelina; orcid: 0000-0003-4495-7413; Mierzicka, Martyna; Stanley, Christina R; orcid: 0000-0002-5053-4831; Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra; orcid: 0000-0002-2770-2278 (2022-08-10)
    The authors wish to make the following correction to this paper [...].
  • The cat is out of the bag – point-of-care testing (POCT) is here to stay

    Phin, Nick; Poutanen, Susan M (European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC), 2020-11-05)
  • Pentecostalism: A democratizing, liberating force for black women?

    McDonald, Patrice (Informa UK Limited, 2022-08-08)
  • Patronage and Power in the Medieval Welsh March: One Family’s Story, by David Stephenson

    Roberts, Sara Elin (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2022-09-08)
  • N-3 fatty acid supplementation mediates lipid profile, including small dense LDL, when combined with statins: a randomized double blind placebo controlled trial.

    Dogay Us, Gediz; Mushtaq, Sohail (2022-09-01)
    Epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests that high-dose intake of omega 3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) have a favorable role in altering serum triglycerides (TG) and non-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C) when combined with statins in hyperlipidemic patients. Their efficacy in altering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) particle size is yet to be established. This study evaluated the effects of supplementing 4 g/day Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on serum blood lipids, including small, dense LDL-C particle concentration, in hyperlipidemic patients receiving stable statin therapy. In this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind parallel group study, 44 patients on statin therapy for > 8 weeks with non-HDL-C concentrations above 130 mg/dL were randomized into two groups. For 8 weeks, together with their prescribed statin, the intervention group received 4 g/day EPA + DHA (3000 mg EPA + 1000 mg DHA in ethyl ester form) and the placebo group received 4 g/day olive oil (OO). Measurements of serum non-HDL-C, TG, total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), LDL-C (including large - LDL I; intermediate - LDL II; and small - LDL III subclasses), very-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) concentration, were taken at baseline and post-intervention. Dietary intake was assessed with a weighed intake, 3-day food diary at week 4. Primary outcome measures were percent change in LDL III, non-HDL-C and LDL particle number. At the end of treatment, the median percent change in serum LDL III concentration was significantly greater in the n-3 FA group plus atorvastatin compared to placebo (- 67.5% vs - 0%, respectively; P < 0.001). Supplementation with n-3 FA plus atorvastatin led to significant reductions in serum non-HDL-C (- 9.5% vs 4.7%, P < 0.01), TG (- 21.5% vs 6.2%, P < 0.001) and VLDL-C (- 36.9% vs 4.0%, P < 0.001) and TC (- 6.6% vs 2.1%, P < 0.001). Between the groups, no significant difference in percent change in the serum concentration of LDL-C, HDL-C, as well as in the LDL I and LDL II subclasses was observed. In this group of hyperlipidemic patients on a stable statin prescription, OM3 plus atorvastatin improved small dense LDL concentrations, non-HDL-C, VLDL-C and TG to a greater extent than atorvastatin alone. Further studies are warranted in this area. This trial was retrospectively registered on 23 May 2019 on ClinicalTrials.gov with ID: NCT03961763. [Abstract copyright: © 2022. The Author(s).]
  • Measuring Emotions and Empathy in Educational Leadership

    Lambert, Steve (IGI Global, 2022-06-24)
    Educational leadership combines transformational and transactional leadership. Yet this combination is not equal, instead favouring transformational leadership which is focused on an individual's social interactions and their ability to identify and react empathetically to others. Many leadership theorists suggest the ability to have and display empathy is an important part of leadership. Until recently the focus of determining an individual's ability to recognise emotions has been through self-reporting questionnaires. These can only be used to report manifestations in our body, picked up by self-awareness, such as anger, sadness, and joy. Therefore, individuals are reporting their awareness of and externalising of the sensation based on what they perceive the emotion to be. This chapter explores the use of neuroscientific techniques to better understand empathy. What this chapter highlights are that these techniques are more accurate at measuring an individual's ability to recognise emotions than the traditional self-reporting questionnaire.
  • Correction: Wiśniewska et al. Heterospecific Fear and Avoidance Behaviour in Domestic Horses (

    Wiśniewska, Anna; orcid: 0000-0003-1127-2960; Janczarek, Iwona; orcid: 0000-0001-9032-8840; Wilk, Izabela; orcid: 0000-0001-7958-2303; Tkaczyk, Ewelina; orcid: 0000-0003-4495-7413; Mierzicka, Martyna; Stanley, Christina R; orcid: 0000-0002-5053-4831; Górecka-Bruzda, Aleksandra; orcid: 0000-0002-2770-2278 (2022-08-10)
    The authors wish to make the following correction to this paper [...].
  • A unique ternary Ce(III)-quercetin-phenanthroline assembly with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

    Halevas, E; Matsia, S; Hatzidimitriou, A; Geromichalou, E; Papadopoulos, T A; Katsipis, G; Pantazaki, A; Litsardakis, G; Salifoglou, A (2022-07-30)
    Quercetin is one of the most bioactive and common dietary flavonoids, with a significant repertoire of biological and pharmacological properties. The biological activity of quercetin, however, is influenced by its limited solubility and bioavailability. Driven by the need to enhance quercetin bioavailability and bioactivity through metal ion complexation, synthetic efforts led to a unique ternary Ce(III)-quercetin-(1,10-phenanthroline) (1) compound. Physicochemical characterization (elemental analysis, FT-IR, Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), UV-Visible, NMR, Electron Spray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry (ESI-MS), Fluorescence, X-rays) revealed its solid-state and solution properties, with significant information emanating from the coordination sphere composition of Ce(III). The experimental data justified further entry of 1 in biological studies involving toxicity, (Reactive Oxygen Species, ROS)-suppressing potential, cell metabolism inhibition in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) cultures, and plasmid DNA degradation. DFT calculations revealed its electronic structure profile, with in silico studies showing binding to DNA, DNA gyrase, and glutathione S-transferase, thus providing useful complementary insight into the elucidation of the mechanism of action of 1 at the molecular level and interpretation of its bio-activity. The collective work projects the importance of physicochemically supported bio-activity profile of well-defined Ce(III)-flavonoid compounds, thereby justifying focused pursuit of new hybrid metal-organic materials, effectively enhancing the role of naturally-occurring flavonoids in physiology and disease. [Abstract copyright: Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.]
  • Pentecostalism: A democratizing, liberating force for black women?

    McDonald, Patrice (Informa UK Limited, 2022-08-08)
  • The road to “local green recovery”: Signposts from COVID‐19 lockdown life in the UK

    Collins, Rebecca; orcid: 0000-0002-5168-8429; welsh, Katharine (Wiley, 2022-02)
  • Nursing care for the military veteran and their family

    Finnegan, Alan; orcid: 0000-0002-2189-4926; Randles, Rebecca; orcid: 0000-0002-7401-5817 (Wiley, 2022-05-09)
  • Preliminary investigation of the effects of a concert on the behavior of zoo animals

    Harley, Jessica J.; Rowden, Lewis J.; Clifforde, Lisa M.; Power, Aisling; Stanley, Christina R. (Wiley, 2022-02-09)

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