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dc.contributor.authorFrancis, Suzanne*
dc.date.accessioned2018-04-04T09:24:25Z
dc.date.available2018-04-04T09:24:25Z
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.citationFrancis, S. (2010). Political Violence and Conflict Transformation: The African National Congress - Inkatha Freedom Party peace process in KwaZulu-Natal. Gandhi Marg: Quarterly Journal of the Gandhi Peace Foundation, 31(4), 649-677.en
dc.identifier.issn0016-4437
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/621066
dc.description.abstractFor almost two decades, an unofficial civil war ravaged the Province of KwaZulu-Natal and parts of the Reef in the Province of Gauteng in what became known as black-on-black violence. It is estimated that approximately 20,000 people died, tens of thousands more were injured, and hundreds of thousands were displaced, rendered homeless and transformed into political refugees as a consequence of a conflict involving the African National Congress (ANC) and the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP). In this paper I examine the national institutional attempts at peace making that included the ANC and the IFP and I show why they failed to transform the ANC-IFP conflict in KwaZulu-Natal. I claim that the failure of these processes lay in a flawed understanding of the root causes of political violence which included a misunderstanding of the strategy of the ANC. I show how conflict has subsequently been transformed in KwaZulu-Natal, through a party initiated process that included hiding each other’s secrets. The implications of this include the institution of a culture of peace in the province, but one that is threatened by the specific nature of the process that was followed.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherGandhi Peace Foundationen
dc.relation.ispartofseries31en
dc.relation.ispartofseries4en
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectconflict transformationen
dc.subjectpeace processen
dc.subjectAfrican National Congressen
dc.subjectInkatha Freedom Partyen
dc.subjectviolenceen
dc.subjectpeace accorden
dc.titlePolitical violence and conflict transformation: The African National Congress - Inkatha Freedom Party peace process in KwaZulu-Natal.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natalen
dc.identifier.journalGandhi Marg, Quarterly Journal of the Gandhi Peace Foundation.en
dc.internal.reviewer-noteoken
dc.date.accepted2010-01-07
or.grant.openaccessYesen
rioxxterms.funderSouth African National Research Foundationen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectSouth African National Research Foundationen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2210-12-31
html.description.abstractFor almost two decades, an unofficial civil war ravaged the Province of KwaZulu-Natal and parts of the Reef in the Province of Gauteng in what became known as black-on-black violence. It is estimated that approximately 20,000 people died, tens of thousands more were injured, and hundreds of thousands were displaced, rendered homeless and transformed into political refugees as a consequence of a conflict involving the African National Congress (ANC) and the Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP). In this paper I examine the national institutional attempts at peace making that included the ANC and the IFP and I show why they failed to transform the ANC-IFP conflict in KwaZulu-Natal. I claim that the failure of these processes lay in a flawed understanding of the root causes of political violence which included a misunderstanding of the strategy of the ANC. I show how conflict has subsequently been transformed in KwaZulu-Natal, through a party initiated process that included hiding each other’s secrets. The implications of this include the institution of a culture of peace in the province, but one that is threatened by the specific nature of the process that was followed.


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