Late life acquired dual-sensory impairment: A systematic review of its impact on everyday competence
AffiliationUniversity of Chester
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe literature on the relationship between late acquired dual-sensory impairment (DSI) in older adults and the ability to remain independent is limited. A systematic search of the literature was conducted to assess the impact that late life acquired DSI in older adults has on their ability to remain independent within their homes. Exclusion and inclusion criteria were applied to the papers identified and eight qualified for inclusion in the review. Each selected paper was assessed using a quality rating scale. Country of origin, population studied, age, vision, and hearing criteria all varied between papers. They provide evidence that DSI affects everyday competence, and this effect is complicated by physical comorbidities, mental health, and social factors
CitationTiwana, R., Benbow, S. M., & Kingston, P. (2016). Late life acquired dual-sensory impairment: A systematic review of its impact on everyday competence. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 34(3), 203-213. DOI: 10.1177/0264619616648727
The following license files are associated with this item:
- Creative Commons
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Exploring stress-induced cognitive impairment in middle aged, centrally obese adultsLasikiewicz, Nicola; Hendrickx, Hilde; Talbot, Duncan; Dye, Louise (2013-01)Extensive research has shown that psychosocial stress can induce cognitive impairment. However, few studies have explored impairment following acute stress exposure in individuals with central obesity. Central obesity co-occurs with glucocorticoid excess and can lead to elevated cortisol responses to stress. It is not clear whether centrally obese individuals exhibit greater cognitive impairment following acute stress. Cortisol responses to stress versus no-stress control were compared in 66 high- and low waist to hip ratio (WHR) middle-aged adults (mean age of 46 ± 7.17 years). Cognitive performance post exposure was assessed using Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery. It was hypothesised that high WHR would exhibit greater cortisol in response to stress exposure and would show poorer cognitive performance. Males, particularly of high WHR, tended to secrete greater cortisol during stress exposure. Exposure to stress and increasing WHR were specifically associated with poorer performance on declarative memory tasks (spatial recognition memory and paired associates learning). These data tentatively suggest a reduction in cognitive performance in those with central obesity following exposure to acute stress. Further research is needed to elucidate the effects of stress on cognition in this population.
The National Bowel Cancer Screening Programme in Cheshire and Merseyside: Perspectives of people with a sensory impairmentPowell, Katie; Perry, Catherine; Thurston, Miranda; University of Chester, Centre for Public Health Research (University of Chester, 2008-01-01)An report is an exploration into the accessibility of the National Bowel Cancer Screening Programme for those with a sensory impairment. The aim of the research was to explore the experiences, perceptions and understandings of people with a sensory impairment of the first stage of the screening process, from invitation to participate, to completion of a faecal occult blood test.
Physical health impairment, disability and suicidal intent among self-harm survivors in South IndiaJones, Steven; Somashekar, R; Bharath, D. U.; Majgi, Sumanth M.; Taylor, Louise; Nagaraj, Santhosh; Krishna, Murali; Mysore Medical College and Research Institute; University of Chester; CSI Holdsworth Memorial Hospital; FRAMe; Viveka Hospital (Medip Academy, 2021-04-27)Background: Suicide is major public health concern in India. There are limited data examining the relationship between health impairment, disability and severity of suicidal intent. The aim of the study was to examine the associations of health impairment and disability with severity of suicidal intent among survivors following an act of self-harm. Methods: A pilot exploratory study of 453 self-harm survivors from a specialist hospital in South India. Sociodemographics, physical health impairment, disability (WHO Disability Schedule-II), suicidal intent, (Pierce suicide intent scale) and mental disorders were studied. Results: Arthritis was the most common physical impairment among self-harm survivors followed by gastrointestinal, sensory impairment and difficulty with mobilization. Nearly 10% of participants had some degree of functional impairment, with 38% experiencing severe physical pain in the week prior to self-harm. Past history of depression treatment, age, education and occupation influenced positively PSIS scores. There were significant associations between suicidal intent and disability. Conclusions: Indian self-harm survivors indicated complex relationships between physical health, disability and suicidal intent. Understanding these associations may help to develop suicide prevention strategies. Our findings suggest a need for integrating a comprehensive of physical health assessment in self harm survivors.