Late life acquired dual-sensory impairment: A systematic review of its impact on everyday competence
AffiliationUniversity of Chester
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe literature on the relationship between late acquired dual-sensory impairment (DSI) in older adults and the ability to remain independent is limited. A systematic search of the literature was conducted to assess the impact that late life acquired DSI in older adults has on their ability to remain independent within their homes. Exclusion and inclusion criteria were applied to the papers identified and eight qualified for inclusion in the review. Each selected paper was assessed using a quality rating scale. Country of origin, population studied, age, vision, and hearing criteria all varied between papers. They provide evidence that DSI affects everyday competence, and this effect is complicated by physical comorbidities, mental health, and social factors
CitationTiwana, R., Benbow, S. M., & Kingston, P. (2016). Late life acquired dual-sensory impairment: A systematic review of its impact on everyday competence. British Journal of Visual Impairment, 34(3), 203-213. DOI: 10.1177/0264619616648727
The following license files are associated with this item:
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Mobility, impairment and empowerment: Subverting normalising discoursesOgden, Cassandra A.; Cox, Peter; University of Chester (2013-11-23)Deriving our understandings from a Foucauldian perspective, we argue that the mobile subject is not a natural, pre-social being. Rather, power relations structure our ability to choose and the choices we can make. One of the ways in which these paper relations are manifest is through the micro-politics of normalising discourses. Our concern in this study is to disrupt the normalising and naturalising discourses of mobility in order to reveal the impacts these have on the differently able body. First, the paper utilises fictional reverse narratives, combining the methods of Miner’s influential 1956 article “Body ritual among the Nacirema” (American Anthropologist 58: 3), with more recent work on the creation of “ethnographic fictions”. These narratives are designed to invert and subvert conventional assumptions about the processes of travel and the experiential dimension of quotidian mobility. The paper then explores the ways to which they serve to highlight the degree to which ableism underpins and permeates majority conceptualisation of travel processes. Through these narratives, space is made in which to unpack power relations and to consider the hegemony of the ‘normal’ body in mobility studies. Secondly, the paper applies this analysis to some wider issues in the verbal and visual languages associated with sustainable mobility models in current use, to consider the degree to which these are compatible with a socially sustainable and inclusive modelling of future mobility.
Exploring stress-induced cognitive impairment in middle aged, centrally obese adultsLasikiewicz, Nicola; Hendrickx, Hilde; Talbot, Duncan; Dye, Louise (2013-01)Extensive research has shown that psychosocial stress can induce cognitive impairment. However, few studies have explored impairment following acute stress exposure in individuals with central obesity. Central obesity co-occurs with glucocorticoid excess and can lead to elevated cortisol responses to stress. It is not clear whether centrally obese individuals exhibit greater cognitive impairment following acute stress. Cortisol responses to stress versus no-stress control were compared in 66 high- and low waist to hip ratio (WHR) middle-aged adults (mean age of 46 ± 7.17 years). Cognitive performance post exposure was assessed using Cambridge Automated Neuropsychological Test Battery. It was hypothesised that high WHR would exhibit greater cortisol in response to stress exposure and would show poorer cognitive performance. Males, particularly of high WHR, tended to secrete greater cortisol during stress exposure. Exposure to stress and increasing WHR were specifically associated with poorer performance on declarative memory tasks (spatial recognition memory and paired associates learning). These data tentatively suggest a reduction in cognitive performance in those with central obesity following exposure to acute stress. Further research is needed to elucidate the effects of stress on cognition in this population.
The National Bowel Cancer Screening Programme in Cheshire and Merseyside: Perspectives of people with a sensory impairmentPowell, Katie; Perry, Catherine; Thurston, Miranda; University of Chester, Centre for Public Health Research (University of Chester, 2008-03)An report is an exploration into the accessibility of the National Bowel Cancer Screening Programme for those with a sensory impairment. The aim of the research was to explore the experiences, perceptions and understandings of people with a sensory impairment of the first stage of the screening process, from invitation to participate, to completion of a faecal occult blood test.