The Effectiveness of Resistance Weight Training on Mood Among a Non-Clinical Population
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AbstractObjective: The current sought to assess the effectiveness of a six-week group-based weight training exercise program for the alleviation of depression and anxiety symptoms, and increasing levels of happiness. Method: A quasi-experimental design was applied in which participants (N = 28) self-selected to an experimental or control group. All participants had not engaged in regular exercise over the previous six months, nor were any diagnosed with an anxiety of depressive disorder. Self-report measures of depression, anxiety, and happiness were completed prior to the intervention, at 3 weeks, and again at 6 weeks. Results: Repeated measures ANOVA testing found that mental health levels did not change over time within the control group. Among the experimental group, levels of depression and anxiety significantly declined, and levels of happiness significantly increased. Between-groups ANCOVA results indicated that the experimental group had significantly lower levels of depression and anxiety, and higher levels of happiness, compared to the control group at 3- and 6-weeks. Conclusion: Group-based resistance weight training is an effective method of alleviating negative mental health states, and improving positive mental health states, among individuals who are psychologically healthy.
CitationSwan, J. (2015). The effectiveness of resistance weight training on mood among a non-clinical population (Master's thesis). University of Chester, United Kingdom.
PublisherUniversity of Chester
TypeThesis or dissertation
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