• Interaction between levels of habitual physical activity and mood states in elderly persons

      Fallows, Stephen; Evers, Adam L. (University of Chester, 2006-01)
      The aim was to examine the relationship between habitual levels of physical activity and mood states in persons over 60 years of age and assess the effects of perceived physical and psychological stressors on mood states. 114 subjects (43 male and 71 female) were used, all aged 60 years or over (mean age 12.19+1- 8.95). 81 were classified as having perceived physical stress, 33 were not. Responses to living status were 74, 8, 11 and 21 for 'Own Home', 'with Family', 'Respite' and 'Residential' respectively. The study design was a retrospective survey over 4 weeks. Assessment comprised of an information sheet, Profile of Mood States (POMS), Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS), and medical questionnaire. POMS scores were used as dependant variables, with estimated kcal per week, frequency of physical activity and social interaction, and measures of perceived physical and psychological stressors providing independent variables. Data was non-parametric in nature therefore Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficients were calculated for CHAMPS measures; Mann-Whitney U test was employed to examine physical stressors and Kruskal-Wallis for psychological stressors. Frequency of social interaction was shown to be the highest correlate of Total Mood Disturbance (TMD) (PO.001, -.568). Kcal per week moderate activity (P<0.001, -0.391) was a higher correlate of TMD than frequency of all activity which was not statistically significant. Subjects with perceived physical stressors scored significantly higher on all POMS scores except vigour-activity. Significant differences were only observed for vigour-activity for subjects with perceived psychological stressors. The findings showed that frequency of social interaction to be a stronger correlate of TMD than all other measures. Inconclusive findings for other measures did not support previous research; the effects of social interaction should be examined in future research.