• British handball: How can performance analysis aid the coaching process?

      Worsfold, Paul R.; Connelly, Christopher D. (University of Chester, 2013)
      Despite being the second most popular team sport in Europe (Beech, 2012) handball in Britain it is a developmental sport, trailing behind the majority of Europe in both playing standard and talent pool (England Handball Progress Report, 2011). A crucial factor in the development of youth players is the impact from a coach (Fry; 2010), with performance feedback from a coach essential in aiding athlete improvement (Carling, Williams & Riley, 2005). The purpose of the study was to investigate coach recollection in elite adolescent British handball to explore if the use of Performance Analysis (PA) could aid the coaching process. To further the research into how PA can aid the coaching process, the study also aimed to examine whether game outcome (winning or losing) affects coach recollection. The study gathered results in two sections: firstly 8 coaches completed questionnaires which explored previously defined key indicators of handball performance immediately following three competitive games and secondly data on the same indicators was generated using PA. Following data collection the results were compared and statistically analysed using chi-square goodness of fit tests and tests of independence. Findings of the study reinforce previous literature which has examined coach recollection capabilities, with an overall recollection rate of 33.10% of all indicators. This is similar to the majority of PA studies, which typically discuss the inadequacy of coaches to recall any greater than 40% of pertinent information (e.g. Franks & Miller’s, 1986). The study also found that coaches more frequently recalled attacking indicators correctly compared to defensive ones, as well as having more competent recollection ability when a game was lost as opposed to won. These findings not only add to current literature on the subject but also offer insights into potential areas were the coaching process could be aided. This in turn promotes the use of PA, which could potentially aid the development of elite level adolescent British Handball.
    • A study of the relationship between the general physical fitness of adolescents aged 15 – 19 years and their parents

      Fallows, Stephen; Law, Christopher J. (University of Chester, 2008-09)
      The purpose of this study was to determine the degree of familial resemblance in general physical fitness between adolescents and their parents. Data was gathered from a sample of adolescent-parent pairs. Parents with children between the ages of 15-19 years of age were recruited by means of a poster campaign in the Abergele, Colwyn Bay and Llandudno postal areas of Conwy, North Wales. A sample of 32 adolescent-parent pairs was employed in this research. Participants completed the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and had anthropometric measures taken. The performance of adolescent-parent pairs was then measured for aerobic capacity, static strength, muscular endurance and flexibility. A correlational research design was employed for the project. The level of significance was set at p<0.01. All statistical calculations were performed using SPSS (Version 14.0 for Windows). Familial correlation models were fitted directly to the data under the assumption that the family data follow a multivariate normal distribution. The results indicated significant parent - offspring resemblance for weight (0.50), aerobic capacity (0.52), muscular endurance (0.48) and flexibility (0.60) and significant father/son resemblance for weight (0.29), height (0.46) and grip strength (0.39), together with mother/daughter resemblance for weight (0.33) and height (0.48). The results suggest that familial and perhaps genetic, factors are important in explaining the variance in general physical fitness.
    • ‘With whom shall I identify?’: Nineteenth-Century Representations of Parental Influences and Adolescent Identity Formation

      Ravenscroft, Michelle D. (University of Chester, 2018-11-26)
      This inter-disciplinary research considers cultural influences, such as religion and education, on adolescent identity formation and parental role-models in nineteenth-century texts. Definitions and representations of constructed identities are explored in relation to the influence of cultural factors using twentieth-century psychological, sociological and psychiatric theories surrounding adolescent and parental identity. Representations of adolescent experiences and parental influences within the home and society reflect changing attitudes towards shifting gender boundaries throughout the century. The conflict of changing family dynamics, in relation to parental roles and authority, are also considered with regards to how these influence the adolescent during this critical life-stage. The conflict and crisis involved in the process of adolescent identity formation is linked to the need for the adolescent to identify with a successful role-model. The analysis of representations of socially constructed role-models in the nineteenth-century suggests there are many factors that determine the success or failure of an adopted identity. This research supports the theory that the concept of a problematic adolescence is not borne out of the inability of adolescents to form an identity, rather the inability of nineteenth-century parents to provide a stable, positive and successful role-model, and the adolescent’s increasing awareness of this instability and their need for an individual identity. Representations support the argument that the growing pressure of individual responsibility for life-choices throughout the nineteenth century also increases the conflict and crisis of the adolescent experience and creates an adolescent desire for autonomy to realise their full potential.