• ‘From mechanisation may be born a David to slay a Goliath’ an assessment of the impact of Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart’s indirect approach on Operation Compass 1940 – 1941

      Hughes, Alexander J. (University of Chester, 2013)
      In the Second World War the Germans introduced a new form of warfare: Blitzkrieg, whereby rapid mechanised assaults supported by aircraft swept all before the advancing Wehrmacht. The topic chosen for discussion focuses on an often overlooked and indeed forgotten victory in the North African Campaign in the Second World War. History documentaries, Hollywood films and vast numbers of books have focused on the duel in the desert between Montgomery and Rommel, culminating in the Second Battle of El Alamein, almost endlessly. Prior to Rommel’s arrival in the desert, however, a series of battles took place as a part of a far larger operation, Operation Compass, where some 30,000 British and Empire Forces eventually destroyed the 250,000 strong Italian 10th Army. . It shall be the purpose of this dissertation to assess whether through Sir Basil Henry Liddell Hart’s strategy of the ‘Indirect Approach’ the British mechanised forces were indeed the deciding factor in the outcome of Operation Compass during the opening phase of the North African campaign 1940-1941.
    • Poverty and malnutrition in urban sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review

      Fallows, Stephen; Muriuki, Mercy S. N. (University of Chester, 2009-11-09)
      Poverty contributes to many problems globally and its resultant effects are many,, varied and have their greatest impact in poor countries. One of the major effects of poverty is malnutrition, which has a hold on all facets of life due to the vicious cycle associated with it. In sub-Saharan Africa, malnutrition is rampant and as a result has led to morbidity and mortality, has affected cognitive development and physical growth and has also diminished physical work capacity. The main purpose of this study was to explore the strategies that have been used to combat poverty and malnutrition in sub-Saharan Africa and to also be able to understand the reasons why those strategies worked or did not work. To do this, articles written on the topics related to poverty and malnutrition from sub-Saharan Africa were reviewed. From this it has emerged that poverty should be addressed and that education would have the greatest impact in doing so. Community participation has also emerged to be instrumental in ensuring that the poverty and malnutrition combating strategies are embraced and accepted by the community in general. The reason for this is that, a community will participate actively only if it can relate to the objectives of the project or programme being set up and also be involved in the planning, negotiations and implementation of the strategies.