• Safe and independent at home: Older people, technology and activity monitoring.

      Pratesi, Alessandro; Manchester Metropolitan University (MMU) (2011-06)
    • Safeguarding children who are exposed to Abuse Linked to Faith or Belief

      Oakley, Lisa; University of Chester, StepsSA, Thirtyone:eight, Victoria Climbie Foundation (John Wiley & Sons, 2019-02-18)
      Cases of child abuse linked to faith or belief (CALFB) continue to be documented. However, there is limited research and understanding of CALFB. Further, there is a lack of clarity of definition. These factors then impact upon effective practice. Recognising this, the National Working Group for CALFB called for research on which to develop evidence-based practice. This paper reports on key findings from a mixed-method online survey which was completed by 1361 participants from a range of practitioner and community groups. The participants identified the importance of policy and multiagency working in this area, but they acknowledged the complexity and challenges associated with developing and implementing good practice. Recommendations from the study include a review of relevant policy to evaluate its application to CALFB, the development of faith literacy training for frontline practitioners and the creation of a space in which statutory, faith and community groups can dialogue.
    • “Safer homes”: An evaluation of a reorganization to deal with domestic Burglary within a UK police force

      Warren, Jeremy J.; Hogard, Elaine; Ellis, Roger; University of Chester (Palgrave Macmillan, 2007-07-25)
      This paper describes an evaluation of an initiative to improve performance regarding domestic burglary in a police force in the North of England. The force was not performing well in respect of domestic burglary detections and was required to make considerable changes in order to improve levels of performance. The force undertook substantial organizational restructuring to implement the scheme. The evaluation focussed on the process, outcomes and stakeholder views of the initiative. The changes had a significant effect on burglary detection rates, a moderate effect on numbers of incidents and partnership working at practitioner level, but little effect on relationships with partner agencies at a strategic level.
    • Scaling the mountain: an exploration of gendered experience of academic staff in relation to the Research Excellence Framework 2014

      Davies, Chantal; Healey, Ruth L.; Cliffe, Anthony D.; University of Chester (2015-12)
      This paper will explore the experiences of female academics within the research institution in relation to the recent Research Excellence Framework in 2014 (REF 2014). Pursuant to the Equality Act 2010, there is now a legal duty (the Public Sector Equality Duty or PSED) for public bodies and therefore Higher Education Institutions (HEI) to have ‘due regard’ to the need to eliminate unlawful discrimination; advance equality of opportunity; and foster good relations between people who share a protected characteristic and people who do not share it (Equality and Human Rights Commission, 2015). It is considered that the PSED thus requires individual institutions to consider and explore the experience of female academics with a view to generating qualitative data about the experience of this group in relation to the REF 2014. This paper will explore some of the early findings of an institutionally funded research project in relation to the gendered experience of academic staff in the research institution in relation to the REF 2014 process and provide the opportunity for local perspectives in this regard to feed into lessons learnt at a national and global level.
    • School peer counselling for bullying services as a source of social support: A study with secondary school pupils

      Boulton, Michael J.; University College Chester (Routledge, 2005)
      99 school pupils were interviewed to ascertain their views of the peer counselling for bullying service in their own school, with a focus on the issue of social support for bullying-related problems, were conducted. Three themes were addressed: willingness to use the service relative to other potential sources of support; preferred gender and age of peer counsellor; and disclosure of using the service to friends.
    • Science, technology and innovation promotion: An alternative and new strategy for youth empowerment for Africa's development

      Olaopa, Olawale; Uzodike, Nwabufo; Siyanbola, Willie; Francis, Suzanne; University of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natal; University of Obafemi Awolowo (Centre for Black and African Arts and Civilization, 2013)
      This chapter explores the promotion of science, technology and innovation as a new and alternative strategy of youth empowerment for Africa's development.
    • SDG3 Good Health and Well-Being: Integration and connection with other SDGs

      Fernandez, Rosa M.; University of Chester (Springer, 2019-10-01)
      Sustainable Development Goal 3 (SDG3) pledges to ‘Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages’ (UN, 2015a). Health is affected by multitude of factors, inherent to each individual but also dependent on environmental and economic circumstances. This piece of work will look at the connection between SDG3 and other SDGs without being exhaustive, but trying to focus on those more directly related. As such, special attention will be given to SDG2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture, also connected to SDG12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns; SDG4: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all; SDG5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls; SDG6: Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all; and finally, SDG10: Reduce inequality within and among countries.
    • A second order medium? the Internet as a source of electoral information in 25 European countries

      Lusoli, Wainer (Ios Press, 2005)
      This article discusses use of the internet by EU nationals in gathering electoral information relating to the 2004 European Parliamentary elections.
    • Secondary school pupils’ views of their school peer counselling for bullying service

      Boulton, Michael J.; Trueman, Mark; Bishop, Samantha; Baxandall, Emma; Holme, Abigail; Smith, Sarah-Louise; Vohringer, Fernanda; Boulton, Louise; University of Chester ; Keele University ; Keele University ; Keele University ; Keele University; Keele University; Keele University; Keele University (Routledge, 2007-08-10)
      This article discusses a study of 99 interviews with pupils from two secondary schools in the UK on their views and experiences of the peer counselling for bullying service set up in their school. They were asked about various things concerning the characteristics of the service and service providers that they valued and their reasons for not using the service.
    • ‘Section 28’ and the pre-recording of cross-examination: What can advocates expect in 2018?

      Cooper, Penny; Mattison, Michelle L. A.; City, University of London; University of Chester (Lexisnexis Butterworths, 2018-01-05)
      In 2018, so long as the recently identified technological issues are remedied (rumoured to be about storage capacity for the recordings), pre-recorded cross-examination will be rolled out across Crown Courts in England and Wales. The process evaluation report (MoJ, 2016) for the pilot of section 28 Youth Justice and Criminal Evidence Act 1999 (YJCEA 1999) was encouraging as well as realistic; it acknowledged that findings might not be replicated on roll-out because courts in the study might not being representative of courts in general. The authors believe that the success of the scheme substantially rests in the hands of judges and practitioners. Here we briefly summarise the background to the roll-out, highlight some important aspects of the new guidance in the Criminal Practice Directions (CPD), illustrate practice with real case studies, and discuss the implications for professional development.
    • Securing field learning using a twenty-first century Cook's Tour

      Fuller, Ian C.; France, Derek; Massey University; University of Chester (Taylor & Francis, 2015-01-22)
      This paper evaluates the effectiveness of incorporating digital video into a traditional Cook’s Tour as part of a 7-day road trip around the east coast of New Zealand’s North Island over a 4-year period.
    • Seeing the city anew: Asylum seeker perspectives of ‘belonging’ in Greater Manchester

      Darling, Jonathan; Healey, Ruth L.; Healey, Lauren; University of Manchester ; University of Chester ; Independent Artist (Manchester Geographical Society, 2012)
      This paper explores the experiences of three asylum seekers in Greater Manchester through the use of experimental autophotographic walking tours. The paper focuses on discussions of belonging within geography and examines how three asylum seekers constructed varied senses of belonging in Greater Manchester through specific places, objects and communities. Using walking tours designed by the research participants to visit places of meaning in their everyday lives and photography of key sites, the paper explores the ways in which those awaiting asylum decisions experienced Greater Manchester.
    • Seismic and volcanic hazards in Peru: Changing attitudes to disaster mitigation

      Degg, Martin; Chester, David; University College Chester ; University of Liverpool (Blackwell, 2005-07-05)
      This article discusses how the United Nations sponsored International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR 1990–2000) has led to increased co-operation between earth scientists and social scientists, focusing on the example of Peru.
    • Selected themes in African Development Studies: Economic growth, governance and the environment

      Francis, Suzanne; Asuelime, Lucky; Yaro, Joseph; University of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natal; University of Ghana (Springer / Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-07-01)
      A growing number of scholars acknowledge the interconnectedness of the myriad of problems and prospects across Africa as a relevant part of a global development discourse. Given the ever-increasing importance of knowledge for the scholarly agenda and practice of African Studies, we present a picture of contemporary issues in African development. This work presents a multi-disciplinary deeply contextual text on the important themes in development studies covering land questions, housing, water, health, economic liberalization, climate, environment, and gender. Though Africa’s problems transcend these basic sector issues, they still remain at the core of development concerns given the fact that many in Africa are food insecure, have poor access to health, water, housing, and are increasingly affected by global environmental change and global neoliberal economic policies. These themes are a microcosm in the general understanding and study of global development issues that confront humanity. This contribution, it is hoped will lead to new novel analytical frameworks, the emergence of new conceptual approaches, and empirical accounts of relevance to scholars studying Africa as well as practitioners in African development.
    • Selected Themes in African Political Studies: Political Conflict and Stability

      Francis, Suzanne; Asuelime, Lucky; University of Chester; University of KwaZulu-Natal; University of Lagos (Springer / Palgrave Macmillan, 2014-08-19)
      Africa has a long, and contemporary, record of political instability. Any political history of the continent of Africa is incomplete without contextual accounts of these exchanges; that is, processes in which governments are over-thrown, borders are shifted, countless human lives lost, property and infrastructure worth millions irreplaceably damaged, the forced displacement of untold numbers of people, and economic meltdown. In this book, the authors explore a range of political and conflict situations, discuss efforts to develop indigenous conflict resolution mechanisms and consider some of the key political and economic issues facing the continent.
    • Self-harm and suicide

      Reeves, Andrew; Taylor, Paul J.; University of Chester (Sage Publications, 2017-06-02)
      This chapter considers contemporary perspectives of self-harm and suicide and how they are often contextualized within a medicalised construct. It challenges this position and instead offers an alternative perspective, together with good practice parameters.
    • Senses Matter: A Sensory Ethnography of Urban Cycling

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (Springer, 2017-10-26)
      In recent research I have been considering the question, “how do people ride in the city, when bicycling is a mundane phenomenon?” The core of this investigation builds on a discussion between the contributors to Cycling Cultures (Cox 2015) seeking to understand everyday practices and to evaluate appropriate methods for doing so. I wanted to explore in particular how important the physical spaces in which people ride are for the ways in which people ride. As sensory beings, our sensory experiences should have an important impact upon our choices and behaviours at a collective, as well as individual level. My working hypothesis was that they are very important but problematic to measure in any meaningful way.
    • Sensory ethnography and film interpretation: sociological readings of historical archives

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (Routledge, 2019-06-19)
      Recent work in sensory ethnography, especially as applied to the study of mobilities makes extensive use of video recording as a means of making field notes. A body of literature has built up around these mobile methodologies and the practices of interpretation connected with using this data. Drawing on these approaches to mobile methods and visual research the author undertook a six month study to explore the sensory experiences of cycle riders as urban (and peri-urban) travellers. At the same time, investigations were undertaken using conventional analyses of photographic and written archive materials to locate current practices in historical contexts. During the course of this investigation it became clear that there were also film documentary sources that could inform this research. This then raised a question as to whether existing historical film sources could be “read” and interpreted using the same analytical frameworks deployed for the interpretation of the video field notes captured in the investigation of sensory experiences. This chapter outlines the methodological procedures involved in the analysis and the result of initial attempts to deploy these in relation to historical sources. By connecting approaches developed in the context of digital recording of mobile experience to extant analogue film sources it considers whether such connections can enable a richer understanding of historical mobile subjects. While visual analysis suggests that film-makers’ intentions, especially in framing and editing their subject matter, are always inescapable, interpretative practices applied to digital recordings of public space today suggest there may be value in considering incidental “background” mobilities in historical documentary film and incidentally explains how a critical sociologist comes to be developing historical research tools.
    • Sensory ethnography and the cycling body: Challenges of research and communication

      Cox, Peter; University of Chester (2015-07-10)
      Recent interest in sensory ethnography has challenged ethnographers to extend their attention beyond the visual and into the full sensory world. This paper reports on the experiences of a six-month research project exploring the sensory world of cycle users in and around Munich. It explores two contrasting but complimentary sets of urban journeys, one constrained by streetscapes, and one by greenways and urban parks. The conscious employment of a sensory studies approach assists the researcher to consider how the processes of cycling involve a whole body sensory experience. It also questions the adequacy of the western sensory five-sense construct, which is generally limited to external sensory input and lacks clear articulation of the intra-bodily senses of muscle feel, fatigues and stress. Thus, it begins to unpack the complex of elements subsumed within the general heading of kineaesthetics in recent studies of cycling and walking. Combining visual ethnography - using filmed journeying - with GPS and biometric data, (heart rates and power measurement), more commonly associated with sports training and analysis, provides a different view of the embodied journeying even at a mundane level. These ‘objective’ or ‘hard’ data measurements are also mediated through autoethnographic considerations of the subjective feelings and experiences associated with these ‘hard’ data. A conventional written paper is presented with accompanying film - incorporating data overlay - so that the story of a sample (composite) journey can narrate the findings of the research.
    • Sentencing reform and prisoner mental health

      Taylor, Paul J.; Williams, Sian; University of Chester; Cheshire and Wirral Partnership NHS Trust (HM Prison Service of England and Wales / Centre for Crime and Justice Studies, 2014-01)
      Mental illness and distress in prison has been well documented. Indeed research and reports have argued that the number of mental disorders among prisoners is much higher than in the general population. Furthermore, specific evidence linking the prevalence of mental ill health to specific sentences of imprisonment, such as indeterminate sentences for public protection (IPP), open the debate on how best to manage this area of contemporary punishments. The deleterious effects of prison life on mental well-being are, and continue to be, a pressing matter for prison authorities and the staff engaged in the support and treatment of remand and sentenced prisoners. Mental illness in prison is nothing new; rather the existence of what was once termed as ‘lunacy’ and psychiatric symptoms among those detained can be traced to the rise of the early modern prison and the confinement era of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In Britain and elsewhere, as the nineteenth century progressed, society witnessed a ‘separating out’ of criminals, psychiatric patients and those deemed as ‘criminal lunatics’, with purpose built institutions pervading urban and rural areas of the country. However, these developments in confinement did not necessarily mean that mental illness or distress was eradicated from the prison setting, on the contrary; rather this situation is something that continues to be topical in the contemporary era of offender management.