• A systematic review of qualitative studies capturing the subjective experiences of Gay and Lesbian individuals’ of faith or religious affiliation.

      Wilkinson, Dean J.; Johnson, Amy; Univeristy of Chester; Univeristy of Worcester
      Individuals identifying as religious tend to report better health and happiness regardless of affiliation, work and family social support or financial status. Evidence suggests that cultural factors are intertwined with these concepts. Exploration of sexual minorities’ experiences has been neglected in previous years. Recently, a body of evidence is developing concerning this population, with theoretical speculation for changes of ‘stressors’ for future generations and implications, particularly, on mental health outcomes. Lesbian and Gay individuals of faith (or spirituality), are susceptible to unique ‘stressors’, whilst others suggest religion can provide a support network providing protective health benefits. This review systematically explores the existing published evidence for the subjective experiences and accounts of LG people of faith. Sexual minority individuals who follow a religion or faith can experience good social support, reducing the risk of negative health outcomes, while for others, potentially serious, negative mental and physical health consequences are experienced (e.g., internalised homophobia, anxiety, rejection and suicidal ideation).
    • A systematic review of quantitative studies capturing measures of psychological and mental health for Gay and Lesbian individuals of faith

      Wilkinson, Dean; Johnson, Amy; University of Chester; University of Worcester
      The association between religion or spirituality and psychological concepts (e.g., subjective well-being), have received frequent support, however, recent evidence has noted that cultural factors may affect this relationship. The consideration of these concepts for sexual orientation minorities has been neglected in previous years and now a body of evidence is beginning to develop around concerns for this population, with some speculation for the changes of ‘stressors’ for future generations and the implication on mental health outcomes. Lesbian and Gay individuals of faith (or spirituality), are susceptible to unique ‘stressors’, whilst others suggest religion can provide a support network providing protective health benefits. This review explores the evidence for psychological measures associated with LGB people of faith. The evidence suggests following a religion or faith can provide good social support, reducing health risks, however, can have negative implications for mental and physical health such as, internalised homophobia, anxiety and rejection.