• Open fields and rural settlement in medieval west Cheshire

      White, Graeme J.; Chester College of Higher Education (Leopard's Head Press, 1995)
      This book chapter discusses thirty two vills in the Dee and Gowy valleys (south of Chester) as dispersed settlements where fields took the form of closes held in severalty, rather than unenclosed strips farmed in common as a response to changing demographic and economic pressures.