• Book review: Jürgen Moltmann, Ethics of Hope

      Clough, David L.; University of Chester
      The review surveys the four parts of Moltmann's book. It concludes that the book leaves the reader in no doubt that an ethics of hope that attends to the significance of Moltmann’s eschatological and ecological insights would be a very valuable contribution to theological ethics, but in no less doubt that, in order to do justice to this task, more needs saying with more deliberative care than has been possible here. Moltmann’s clear continuing passion for Christian engagement with God’s transforming of a world in which so many of God’s creatures stand in need of release from injustice and oppression should be ample inspi- ration for such an endeavour.
    • Consuming Animal Creatures: The Christian Ethics of Eating Animals

      Clough, David; University of Chester (SAGE, 2016-10-20)
      This article argues that Christians have strong faith-based reasons to avoid consuming animal products derived from animals that have not been allowed to flourish as fellow creatures of God, and that Christians should avoid participating in systems that disallow such flourishing. It considers and refutes objections to addressing this as an issue of Christian ethics, before drawing on a developed theological understanding of animal life in to argue that the flourishing of fellow animal creatures is of ethical concern for Christians. Since the vast majority of animal products currently available for purchase are derived from farmed animals reared in modern intensive modes that fail to allow for their flourishing, and this practice is harmful for humans and the environment as well as farmed animals, the article argues that Christians should avoid consuming these products.
    • Frankensteins and cyborgs: Visions of the global future in an age of technology

      Graham, Elaine L.; University of Chester (SAGE, 2003-04-01)
      This paper draws attention to the role of representation in the depiction of scientific and technological innovation as a means of understanding the narratives that circulate concerning the shape of things to come. It considers how metaphors play an important part in the conduct of scientific explanation, and how they do more than describe the world in helping also to shape expectations, normalise particular choices, establish priorities and create needs. In surveying the range of metaphorical responses to the digital and biotechnological age, we will see how technologies are regarded both as ’endangerment’ and ’promise’. What we believe ’technology’ is doing to ’us’ reflects important implicit philosophies of technology and its relationship to human agency and political choice; yet we also need to be alert to the assumptions about ’human nature’ itself which inform such reactions. The paper argues that embedded in the various representations implicit in new technologies are crucial issues of identity, community and justice: what it means to be (post)human, who is (and is not) entitled to the rewards of technological advancement, what priorities (and whose interests) will inform the shape of global humanity into the next century.
    • Gaia as science made myth: Implications for environmental ethics

      Deane-Drummond, Celia; University College Chester (T & T Clark, 1996)
      This article discusses the Gaia hypothesis - the earth as a giant ecosystem. It comments on scientific models of Gaia (the interconnected model, the homeostatic process model, the cooperative evolutionary model, the ideological/technological model) and ambiguous ethical implications. The article particularly comments on the work of James Lovelock.
    • Genetically modified theology: The religious dimensions of public concerns about agricultural biotechnology

      Deane-Drummond, Celia; Grove-White, Robin; Szerszynski, Bronislaw (T & T Clark, 2001)
      This article discusses human issues raised by genetically modified foods. The authors argue that public anxiety over GM foods has been misunderstood - public reaction can be seen as reasonable rather than irrational and emotional, concerns relate to the level of ontology and theology rather than physical health, and people are concerned about the spirit in which GM technology is being developed. The article includes analysis from focus groups.
    • Not a Not-Animal: The Vocation to Be a Human Animal Creature

      Clough, David; University of Chester (Sage, 2013-01-30)
      This article diagnoses and critiques two ‘not-animal’ modes of theological anthropology: first, the construction of human identity on the basis of supposed evidence of human/non-human difference; second, accounts of the human that take no account of God’s other creatures. It suggests that not-animal anthropologies exhibit poor theological methodology, are based on inaccurate depictions of both humans and other animals, and result in problematic construals of what it means to be human. Instead, the article concludes, we require theological anthropologies that take as a starting point the relationship between humanity and God and recognise the animal and creaturely context of human existence.
    • On the relevance of Jesus Christ for Christian judgements about the legitimacy of violence — A modest proposal

      Clough, David; University of Chester (SAGE, 2009-05-01)
      This journal article discusses the appropriate interpretation of the person, teaching, and example of Jesus Christ in relation to Christian judgements about violence.