• Aura and Authenticity in the Presentation of UK Literary Figures through the Medium of the Home

      Pardoe, James; University of Chester (Routledge Taylor & Francis Group, 2015-10-16)
      By exploring case studies from the UK, this paper investigates how the notions of aura and authenticity at literary homes are utilised to create an impact on the understanding of the lives and works of associated writers. The boundaries of this paper have been dictated by its place within twenty-first century manifestations of the survival, conservation and reproduction of literary homes associated with four writers active in the early nineteenth century: Lord Byron, John Keats, Sir Walter Scott and Percy Shelley. Many of the works within the literary house genre highlight the significance of the link between writers and their audiences. However, whereas commentators concentrate on the links being direct, this paper shows that the association is based on narratives validated through those who were subsequently responsible for the houses in conjunction with the expectations of visitors. Consequently, the interpretation prevalent in the houses in the twenty-first century are the result of a long history based on the writers, but influenced by what was, and is, considered their significance by others over approximately two hundred years.
    • Authenticity, Commodification and Sustainable Development: Construction of Destination Image for Chester, UK

      Pardoe, James; Stone, Chris; University of Chester; Manchester Metropolitan University (Green Lines Institute, 2014-07-22)
      This exploratory paper examines the ways in which perceived authentic historical narratives are utilised in the construction of heritage destinations in an era of sustainable development - the ostensible ‘organising principle’ of the twenty-first century. The most immediately tangible value of the distinctive and high-quality environments typically encountered in cultural [urban/city] destinations like Siena and Kitzbühel lies in their ability to attract visitor audiences, and the attraction of many such well-known high-quality and value destinations typically centres on a carefully conserved historic central core. Such an approach might conceivably be criticised as backward-looking and perhaps even elitist, but that the outcomes are positive seems unequivocal from certain value standpoints, and many such historic centres might be identified as embodying many precepts of sustainable development, most notably the economic. But the issue here is: exactly what is being sustained? From a conservation perspective, the fashioning of associations with the past relies on evidence of original context. The concept of what is original is therefore a central consideration when analysing how these cities are experienced, lending an ‘authenticity’ to what is being shown and allowing a credible link to the past to be maintained. However, conservation practice in many cultural city destinations frequently relies on reproductions of a perceived past, one related less to original historical or social contexts and more to the manipulation of the experience of visitors/stakeholders. Are these historic cities reconstructed artifice whose sole purpose is to inculcate a sense of place; and to what extent might concerns to present an authentic Chester with unimpeached historical validity conflict with key elements of notions of sustainable development? The research conceptualisation has been situated in a relatively novel nexus bridging theoretical considerations and practical strategies of conservation and central tenets of sustainability. The conceptual frame of reference is further extended through reference to concepts of destination image in order to explore the more tangible outcomes of governance for sustainability in terms of long-term tourism performance.
    • The Impact of Post-Writer Histories on the Significance of UK Literary Houses

      Pardoe, James; University of Chester (Common Ground, 2014)
      By exploring case studies from the UK, this paper investigates how post-writer histories of literary houses impact on the understanding of the lives and works of associated writers. The boundaries of this paper have been dictated by its place within twenty-first century manifestations of the survival, conservation and reproduction of literary houses associated with three writers active in the early nineteenth century: Lord Byron, John Keats and Sir Walter Scott. Many of the works within the literary house genre highlight the significance of the link between writers and their audiences. These links are created through the establishment of houses as sites of remembrance, as memorials, and as sensory markers. However, whereas commentators concentrate on the links being direct, this paper shows that the association is based on narratives filtered through those who were subsequently responsible for the houses. Consequently, the interpretation prevalent in the houses in the twenty-first century are the result of a long history based on the writers, and what was considered their significance by others over approximately two hundred years