This powerpoint presentation and associated notes discusses storytelling as a teaching strategy within healthcare. It gives the background to investigating the use of storytelling and discusses the findings from the literature. It is further supported by a small piece of research undertaken, which identifies ‘good reads’ recommended by healthcare lecturers.
Flynn, Sandra D. (University of Liverpool (University of Chester), 2013-05)
“Too often we underestimate the power of a touch, a smile, a kind word, a listening ear, an honest compliment, or the smallest act of caring, all of which have the potential to turn life around,” (Leo F Buscaglia 1924-1998). Caring is a universal phenomenon (Leininger, 1988a, 1991) that influences the way we think, feel and act and is the focus of debate worldwide. Studied since the days of Florence Nightingale and reflected in the literature are numerous theoretical opinions in the search for a comprehensive understanding of caring in the health experience of human beings (Newman et al., 1991). This ethnographic thesis has a caring science perspective (caring in orthopaedics) with the aim of acquiring a greater understanding of perceptions of caring in an orthopaedic clinical setting from both patient and health care professional perspectives. There is a wealth of literature relating to caring which attempts to define and interpret its meaning from several theoretical perspectives. In respect of institutional or professional caring, nursing has historically been synonymous with the notion of care and caring, modest research has been attributed to caring amongst other health care professionals in the wider context. The study used a sequential exploratory mixed methods design and was underpinned by Watson’s Theory of Transpersonal Care in order to discover and illuminate the essential caring behaviours valued by both care givers and care recipients. A total of 30 patients and 53 health care professionals consisting of doctors, nurses, physiotherapists and occupational therapists participated in the study through a three stage approach consisting of questionnaires, observation and semi-structured interviews. The findings revealed both similarities and differences between patients and health care professionals relating to the importance of positive caring behaviours revealed during caring interactions. The questionnaires disclosed that patients statistically rated caring behaviours demonstrated by health care professionals lower than the professionals rated themselves. The data analysis from the participant observation and semi-structured interviews established that although all of the caring caratives according to Watson’s Theory of Care were evident in caring interactions they varied as to the number of times they were exhibited by the respected health care professional groups. Overall patient perception of caring focused upon behaviours related to the caring carative ‘assurance of human presence’ whilst health care professionals considered caring behaviours relating to the caring carative ‘respectful deference’ as the most important. This thesis highlights the need of the patient to feel ‘cared for’ and ‘cared about’ and in today’s modern health care system caring should not be monopolised by one profession but instead the caring concept embraced and the caring dais shared by other professions.
This chapter examines the concept of autonomy within the health care profession, which involves consideration of the moral and legal implications. The chapter also discusses the practicalities of autonomy when it is not always possible for the patient to exercise their autonomy because of an inability to communicate or act independently.
This chapter examines the concept of biological determinates of need; consideration is given to many factors that impact on the human. The chapter argues that there is need for issues to be examined holistically. This would allow for all the different factors which may affect an individual to be considered, rather then being condensed into specialised areas, and would lead the way to understanding disease, its treatment and prevention.
This chapter examines the need for effective assessment skills in the nursing profession, and argues that the process of assessment is not a one-off activity and that ongoing assessment of patients is needed in order to identify actual and potential problems along with need to prioritise the need against demands on resources. Further consideration is given to the underpinning philosophy of the process of assessment.
This book chapter discusses the range of teaching strategies and how they can change depending on whether the setting is classroom or practice. Use of the appropriate teaching strtaegy can move the elarner from being dependent to self-directed learning.
This chapter examines the role of clinical governance within the healthcare system, and how it can facilitate continuous quality improvement in the delivery of health care. The discussion also considers the importance of a quality healthcare that meets national standards but provided at a local level.
This chapter examines the concept of caring, and considers the essential elements of caring such as knowledge and competence. The discussion also highlights how caring involves a relationship between the carer and the cared-for.
This chapter examines the role of advocacy within the healthcare system, considering the need for advocates to support patients who have to make decisions but may not have the knowledge, confidence or ability to do so. The chapter also discusses the need for an advocate to promote and protect the patient’s autonomy and act on their behalf.
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