• Dietary intake patterns of South Asian men attending mosques in Burnley, UK

      Ellahi, Basma; Chow, C.; Fitzgerald, Sarah; Dikmen, Derya; University of Chester ; University of Chester ; University of Chester ; Hacettepe University (Webmedcentral.com, 2014-10)
      Objective: To characterise the diet of South Asian males attending mosques in Burnley in order to focus intervention strategies to improve nutrition-related health in the community. Design: Cross sectional survey of Muslim men in Burnley, Lancashire UK. Muslim men (n=141) aged 15-67 years who consented were recruited. Subjects completed a food and health questionnaire and a 24 hour dietary recall (repeated) and provided self-reported anthropometric data. Results: Data revealed significant dietary under-reporting in the sample with a mean value of 78.0% of the estimated average intake (EAR) for energy specific to age group reported. Under-reporting was more likely as the body mass index (BMI) of subjects increased. Similar proportions of total energy were derived from protein but a greater percentage of energy was provided by total fat and a smaller proportion by total carbohydrate when compared with white British males. Saturated fatty acids constituted half the proportion of total food energy yet mono-unsaturated fatty acid intake was low in comparison. All (except the 46-67) year old age group consumed greater than 6g of salt a day. Conclusions: The study identifies several areas with the potential for health improvement. Subjects should reduce total fat intake and redistribute fat intake to more favourable proportions, with more emphasis on monounsaturated fat sources. Further dietary modifications include reducing salt intake and increasing non-starch polysaccharide consumption. Access to mosques for use as a health assessment and promotion environment is an important avenue for ensuring effective communication of messages for Muslims.
    • Exploring the health status of older persons in Sub Saharan Africa

      Audain, Keiron A.; Carr, Michelle; Dikmen, Derya; Zotor, Francis B.; Ellahi, Basma; University of Zambia; University of Chester; Hacettepe University; University of Health and Allied Science; University of Chester (Cambridge University Press, 2017-05-10)
      Sub-Saharan Africa has traditionally had a low life expectancy due to the onslaught of the HIV epidemic, high levels of chronic diseases, injuries, conflict and undernutrition. Therefore, research into public health concerns of older persons has largely been overlooked. With a growing population, the roll-out of antiretroviral treatment, and the effects of globalisation; Sub-Saharan Africa is experiencing an increase in the number of people over 50 years of age as well as an increase in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases. The aim of this review is to highlight available research on the health status of older persons in Sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify the current gaps that warrant further investigation. A literature search was conducted across multiple databases to identify studies in Sub-Saharan Africa on older persons (aged 50 years and older) related to health indicators including nutritional status, non-communicable diseases and HIV burden. Whilst it was concluded that older persons are at an increased risk of poor health, it was also determined that significant gaps exist in this particular area of research; namely nutrient deficiency prevalence. Resources should be directed towards identifying the health concerns of older persons and developing appropriate interventions.