• The historical problems of travel for women undertaking geological fieldwork

      Burek, Cynthia V.; Kolbl-Ebert, Martina; University of Chester ; Jura-Museum, Willibaldsburg (The Geological Society of London, 2007-08-01)
      From unsuitable clothes to a lack of chaperones, from sexual harrassment to lack of proper funding, throughout history women geologists have encountered difficulties travelling to their field location or wotking in the field, whether these locations were close by or abroad. From Etheldred Benett to the present day problems are often sociological and political as well as logistical. Most early women geologists were able to avoid many difficulties because they were protected through working locally where their high social standing was known and respected or because they worked in a team with husband, father, or brother. However the problem developed virulence in the second half of the nineteenth century when women started to appear as students and professionally trained geologists. The single travelling women geologist had to face desciminating attitudes, ranging from pity to disregard and even to sexual harrassment. Benevolent society also had its problems with these women when, for example, professors needed their wives as chaperones to take women students on field trips.
    • Maria Matilda Ogilvie Gordon (1864-1939): A Scottish researcher in the Alps

      Wachtler, M.; Burek, Cynthia V.; University of Chester (Burek) (The Geological Society of London, 2007-08-01)
      Maria Ogilvie Gordon was one of the most proilfic researchers ofthe late nineteenth century. Born and bred in Scotland she was the first women to obtain a D.Sc from the University of London and a Ph.D from Munich University. Much of her research was in the Tyrol in the high Alps between Austria and Italy. By 1900 she had published over 19 papers, many of them in German. However it was not until later in life that she received recognition for her work. This book chapter explores her background, context, and the work she undertook and the contribution she made to the advancement of structural geology and palaeontology in the Alps.
    • The role of women in geological higher education - Bedford College, London (Catherine Raisin) and Newham College, Cambridge, UK

      Burek, Cynthia V.; University of Chester (The Geological Society of London, 2007-06-01)
      This book chapter explores the place of geology in science education and the part women have played in geological higher education through history. The context is set firstly by exploring the informal role women have played in education in general and secondly, by explaining in detail the positions they held after 1870, when female higher education was put onto a more formal footing. To illustrate this, the evolution of two female colleges of higher education - Bedford College, London and Newnham College, Cambridge both offering geological education within science are evaluated within a wider educational context. Finally, the cases of Dr Catherine Raisin, who was based at Bedford College, and Dr Gertrude Elles, based at Newnham College as role models are highlighted within this wider framework.
    • The role of women in the history of geology: An introduction

      Burek, Cynthia V.; Higgs, Bettie; University of Chester ; University College Cork (The Geological Society of London, 2007-08-01)
      This book chapter discusses the role of women in the history and development of geology, focusing on the characteristics of women who played a role, the influence of society, the situation today, and the legacy of these early pioneers.