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dc.contributor.authorPickles, Thomas*
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-14T14:30:05Zen
dc.date.available2016-04-14T14:30:05Zen
dc.date.issued2009en
dc.identifier.citationPickles, T. (2009). Biscopes-tun, muneca-tun and preosta-tun: dating, significance and distribution. In E. Quinton (Ed.), The Church in English Place-Names, English Place-Name Society Extra Series 4 (pp. 39-108). Nottingham, United Kingdom: English Place-Name Societyen
dc.identifier.isbn9780904889796en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/605263en
dc.description.abstractMargaret Gelling hypothesised that ‘X’s tūn’ place-names were coined in the later Anglo-Saxon period, to replace earlier names for the places to which they refer. Here, the dating, significance and distribution of the place-names biscopes-tūn, muneca-tūn and prēosta-tūn is considered. Ultimately, the study supports Gelling’s hypothesis, suggesting that they were often coined in the later eighth, ninth, tenth or eleventh century. It argues that these names often signified portions of land set aside for the use of bishops, monks and clergy as a result of two parallel processes: royal and episcopal expropriation of religious communities and their estates, and movements to reform religious communities. The distribution of these names is considered to reflect regional differences in levels of ecclesiastical landowning in the ninth, tenth and eleventh centuries, which seems to add weight to this hypothesis about the date at which many of them were coined. Finally, two historical implications of these names are discussed: the scale of expropriation and reform, and the nature of ecclesiastical organisation in the Danelaw.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherEnglish Place-Name Societyen
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.nottingham.ac.uk/research/groups/epns/other-publications.aspx#churchen
dc.subjectHistoryen
dc.subjectPlace-Namesen
dc.titleBiscopes-tun, muneca-tun and preosta-tun: dating, significance and distributionen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Chesteren
dc.date.accepted2000-01-01en
or.grant.openaccessNoen
rioxxterms.funderxxen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectxxen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2209-01-01en
html.description.abstractMargaret Gelling hypothesised that ‘X’s tūn’ place-names were coined in the later Anglo-Saxon period, to replace earlier names for the places to which they refer. Here, the dating, significance and distribution of the place-names biscopes-tūn, muneca-tūn and prēosta-tūn is considered. Ultimately, the study supports Gelling’s hypothesis, suggesting that they were often coined in the later eighth, ninth, tenth or eleventh century. It argues that these names often signified portions of land set aside for the use of bishops, monks and clergy as a result of two parallel processes: royal and episcopal expropriation of religious communities and their estates, and movements to reform religious communities. The distribution of these names is considered to reflect regional differences in levels of ecclesiastical landowning in the ninth, tenth and eleventh centuries, which seems to add weight to this hypothesis about the date at which many of them were coined. Finally, two historical implications of these names are discussed: the scale of expropriation and reform, and the nature of ecclesiastical organisation in the Danelaw.


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