Understanding the relationship between ignition delay and burn duration in a constant volume vessel at diesel engine conditions
AuthorsDavies, Trevor J.
AffiliationUniversity of Chester
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AbstractExperiments were performed in a constant volume vessel, with fuel sprays injected into the vessel at various different pressure and temperature conditions chosen to represent diesel engine operation at various loads. A range of diesel primary reference fuels (i.e. mixtures of cetane and heptamethylnonane) of varying cetane number (CN) were tested, and as expected lower CN fuels have longer ignition delays. Burn period was plotted against ignition delay and two distinct trends can be seen: “mainly diffusion” diesel combustion in which burn period decreases with ignition delay and “mainly pre-mixed” diesel combustion in which burn period increases with ignition delay. There is typically a minimum in plots of burn period versus ignition delay which represents the transition between the two types of combustion mode. Higher CN, higher engine load and higher boost pressure would seem to favour “mainly diffusion” combustion whilst lower CN, lower loads and non boosted conditions favour “mainly pre-mixed” combustion.
CitationRabl, S., Davies, T. J., McDougall, A. P., & Cracknell, R. F. (2015). Understanding the relationship between ignition delay and burn duration in a constant volume vessel at diesel engine conditions. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 35(3), 2967-2974. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proci.2014.05.054
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