Analysis of the dietary habits and health and lifestyle characteristics of Trafford Borough residents
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AbstractAim: To investigate the health and lifestyle characteristics of a representative sample of Trafford Borough residents (n = 316), using data from a Health and Lifestyle questionnaire, with emphasis on eating behaviour and dietary habits. Design: Previously collected data from a Health and Lifestyle questionnaire designed in conjunction with Trafford PCT was fully analysed to provide a baseline dietary profile of the Trafford residents surveyed, alongside creating an overall picture of current health issues for Trafford as a whole. Results: The responses to the survey have highlighted significant differences in health related behaviours between postcode areas in Trafford. Residents in Firswood and Old Trafford were most likely to consume a poor quality diet and smoke daily (p = 0.001). Respondents from Sale, Brooklands and Ashton-On-Mersey (M33) were least likely to achieve 5-a-day (p = 0.050), and had more residents reporting consuming unsafe amounts of alcohol. Issues such as low levels of physical activity appear to be a health concern for Trafford Borough as a whole. The survey has drawn attention to inequalities between SES and ethnic groups in relation to dietary habits and food security, with Black and Black British residents being most likely to report a lack of money preventing cooking from scratch (p = 0.041). Conclusions: The significant differences in health behaviours between postcode areas in Trafford identify specific areas (M16 and M33) as being priorities for public health initiatives. Lifestyle characteristics such as smoking, alcohol consumption and a sedentary way of life, combined with poor dietary habits correspond with high rates of deaths from heart disease and diabetes incidence reported in the Trafford Health Profile 2007. The survey has shown that over 40 percent of the respondents recognised a need to change their current behaviours and adopt a healthier lifestyle indicating that interventions facilitating those most in need would be well received.
PublisherUniversity of Chester
TypeThesis or dissertation
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