• Обзор практики применения программ обучения, совмещенного с работой, (WBL) в высшем образовании Великобритании, Талбот Джон, Костли Кэрол, Дремина Мария Анатольевна, Копнов Виталий Анатольевич

      Talbot, Jon; Costley, Carol; Dremina, A.; Kopnov, Viraly; University of Chester; Middlesex University; Russian State Vocational Pedagogical University (2017-02-15)
      The aim of the study is to review the practice of work-based learning (WBL), based on the experience of higher education institutions in the United Kingdom. Methods. The methods of system and comparative analysis, synthesis and generalization are used. Results. The background and development of WBL is given; the importance and value of this form of education in the modern, rapidly changing society is shown. The main characteristics are selected and basic aspects of WBL programs profitable different from traditional university programs are designated: relevance to real production processes; student centricity; flexibility of content which is built proceeding from interests of an employer and a student; high extent of integration of various disciplines and fields of knowledge; recognition of the prior certified and independent training; optimization of time expenditure; possibility of the choice of the place of training, its sequence, schedule of control actions, and other advantages. Options of a program implementation of WBL, complexity of their implementation and methods of their overcoming are described. A few critical remarks concerning WBL programs are also presented. Scientific novelty. For the first time the analytical review of WBL practice at a higher education level, which is widespread in English-speaking countries over the last 25 years, is presented in the Russian scientific literature in education. Practical significance. The materials provided in the article can be useful to heads and teachers of institutions of higher education; methodologists of structures of vocational preparation and advanced training of personnel of high technology productions; the employers heading large-scale industries and interested in upgrading of employees’ educational level.