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Cognitive function and disability in late Life: An ecological validation of the 10/66 battery of cognitive tests among community dwelling older adults in south IndiaKrishna, Murali; Beulah, Eunice; Jones, Steven; Sundaracharj, Rajesh; Saroja, A.; Kumaran, Kalyanaraman; Karat, Samuel C.; Prince, Martin; Fall, Caroline H. D.; University of Chester (Wiley, 2015-12-17)Key Points • 10/66 cognitive tests are well suited for identification of older adults with cognitive and functional impairment at a population level in LMIC setting. • Lower scores on individual domains of the 10/66 battery of cognitive tests are associated with higher levels of disability and functional impairment. • It is feasible to administer 10/66 cognitive assessments in participant's own homes in India. • 10/66 cognitive tests are education and culture fair, suitable for use in population based research in India.
An Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) of coercion towards community dwelling older adults with dementia: Findings from MYsore studies of Natal effects on Ageing and Health (MYNAH)Danivas, Vijay; Bharmal, Mufaddal; Keenan, Paul; Jones, Steven; Karat, Samuel C.; Kalyanaraman, Kumaran; Prince, Martin; Fall, Caroline H. D.; Krishna, Murali; University of Chester (Springer, 2016-09-29)Purpose Limited availability of specialist services places a considerable burden on caregivers of Persons with Dementia (PwD) in Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). There are limited qualitative data on coercive behavior towards PwD in an LMIC setting. Aim The aim of this study was to find relevant themes of the lived experience of relatives as caregivers for PwD in view of their use of coercive measures in community setting in South India. Method Primary caregivers (n = 13) of PwDs from the Mysore study of Natal effects on Ageing and Health (MYNAH) in South India were interviewed to explore the nature and impact of coercion towards community dwelling older adults with dementia. The narrative data were coded using an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) approach for thematic analysis and theory formation. Results Caregivers reported feeling physical and emotional burn-out, a lack of respite care, an absence of shared caregiving arrangements, limited knowledge of dementia, and a complete lack of community support services. They reported restrictions on their lives through not being able take employment, a poor social life, reduced income and job opportunities, and restricted movement that impacted on their physical and emotional well-being. Inappropriate use of sedatives, seclusion and environmental restraint, and restricted dietary intake, access to finances and participation in social events, was commonly reported methods of coercion used by caregivers towards PwD. Reasons given by caregivers for employing these coercive measures included safeguarding of the PwD and for the management of behavioral problems and physical health. Conclusion There is an urgent need for training health and social care professionals to better understand the use of coercive measures and their impact on persons with dementia in India. It is feasible to conduct qualitative research using IPA in South India.