Browsing Chemical Engineering by Authors
Prenatal exposures and exposomics of asthmaChoi, Hyunok; Mc Auley, Mark T.; Lawrence, David A.; University at Albany ; University of Chester ; Center for Medical Sciences, Albany, NY (AIMS Press, 2015-02-19)This review examines the causal investigation of preclinical development of childhood asthma using exposomic tools. We examine the current state of knowledge regarding early-life exposure to non-biogenic indoor air pollution and the developmental modulation of the immune system. We examine how metabolomics technologies could aid not only in the biomarker identification of a particular asthma phenotype, but also the mechanisms underlying the immunopathologic process. Within such a framework, we propose alternate components of exposomic investigation of asthma in which, the exposome represents a reiterative investigative process of targeted biomarker identification, validation through computational systems biology and physical sampling of environmental media
Systems biology and synthetic biology: A new epoch for toxicology researchMc Auley, Mark T.; Choi, Hyunok; Mooney, Kathleen M.; Paul, Emily; Miller, Veronica M.; University of Chester ; SUNY Albany ; Edge Hill University ; New York State Department of Health ; New York State Department of Health (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2015-01-26)Systems biology and synthetic biology are emerging disciplines which are becoming increasingly utilised in several areas of bioscience. Toxicology is beginning to benefit from systems biology and we suggest in the future that is will also benefit from synthetic biology. Thus, a new era is on the horizon. This review illustrates how a suite of innovative techniques and tools can be applied to understanding complex health and toxicology issues. We review limitations confronted by the traditional computational approaches to toxicology and epidemiology research, using polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their effects on adverse birth outcomes as an illustrative example. We introduce how systems toxicology (and their subdisciplines, genomic, proteomic, and metabolomic toxicology) will help to overcome such limitations. In particular, we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of mathematical frameworks that computationally represent biological systems. Finally, we discuss the nascent discipline of synthetic biology and highlight relevant toxicological centred applications of this technique, including improvements in personalised medicine. We conclude this review by presenting a number of opportunities and challenges that could shape the future of these rapidly evolving disciplines.