• Examining the Correlation between Fear of Childbirth and Postnatal Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

      Hayes, Liane; Goodyear, Georgina (University of Chester, 2017)
      The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Fear of Childbirth and Postnatal Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. These are two under researched areas of Psychology and maternal mental health is a serious psychological, medical and social concern. There is literature to suggest that suffering from a severe fear of childbirth and subsequent symptoms of trauma can have a grave impact on a postnatal woman’s life, negatively affecting the mother-infant relationship and thus hindering the development of the child. In order to investigate the relationship between the two co-variables, this study adopted a within-subjects design. Women who had given birth within the last two years were invited to participant by completing an online survey. The perceived fear of childbirth that had been experienced by mothers during labour was measured using a numeric total fear score, attained by the Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (WDEQ-B; Wijma, Wijma, & Zar, 1998). Reported symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder that were attributed to the experience of childbirth were measured using a numeric total score, attained by the Impact of Events Scale – Revised (Weiss, 2007). A Cronbach’s Alpha suggested that the results and questionnaires displayed a high reliability and internal consistency. A Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient demonstrated a positive correlation between Fear of Childbirth and trauma symptoms experienced by women. Multiple linear regressions demonstrated how participant demographics such as age, parity, and time since delivery influenced both fear of childbirth and trauma experienced. The findings of this study suggest that there is a relationship between Fear of Childbirth and Postnatal Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and further research is required in order to contribute to these being recognised as clinical psychological disorders. This would benefit the maternal healthcare community as it would inform interventions and support mechanisms to be provided by healthcare professionals to perinatal women in order to attempt to reduce the negative mental impacts of childbirth.
    • Examining the current marketing practices of a not for profit community music organisation, what is the effectiveness of those practices to stakeholders?

      Black, Kate; Anstee, Ian (University of Chester, 2013-06)
      This dissertation provides an insight into marketing in the not for profit sector and in particular within the community music industry. The examination of the current marketing practices as alluded to in the title “examining the current marketing practices of a not for profit community music organisation” provides a perfect opportunity to outline the contemporary marketing models and how these are applied to the sector. The research begins with a brief outline of the history of marketing in the not for profit sector. This sets the scene for further study of the not for profit music sector. The dissertation provides research of an existing company and how current marketing is applied and the effectiveness of the practice to stakeholders. The dissertation concludes with applied strategic marketing techniques on the research to provide a series of recommendations which may be used by the not for profit organisation concerned.
    • Exercise and physical activity practices of males in an Irish prison and its impact on quality of life.

      Fallows, Stephen; Dooley, Fiona (University of Chester, 2018-09-03)
      People in prison are generally deemed to be at a higher risk of several physiological and psychological conditions due to demographic factors and the prison environment, where overcrowding, lack of cleanliness and unhealthy lifestyle practices are common. In response to these influences prisoners tend to have lower quality of life and health related quality of life scores compared to the general population. While exercise provision is in place in prisons, sedentary behaviour is very common among prisoners. Physical inactivity such as this is described as a key modifiable risk factor for several health conditions. Exercise and physical activity has been widely recognised to be effective in managing an individuals’ health and the same is true in a prison perspective. Prison-based exercise programmes have increased the overall quality of life scores of prisoners most notably in the domains of physical and mental health. Cardiovascular and resistance training programmes have produced significant improvements in the cardiovascular health of prisoners reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Various exercise and sport interventions have also significantly improved the psychological wellbeing of prisoners reducing levels of depression, anxiety, stress and improving self-esteem.
    • Exercise on prescription and its role in the promotion of mental health: A critical investigation

      Clowes, Janet; Edwards, Kate (University of Liverpool (Chester College of Higher Education), 2000-09)
      The aim of the research was to investigate the current and potential role of exercise on prescription in the promotion of mental health. Key objectives were to determine the extent and nature of the mental health outcomes of an exercise on prescription scheme from the participant perspective; to acquire an insight into scheme impact at the 'wider' community level; and to explore the potential for augmenting the mental health promotive role of exercise on prescription through the application of mental health promotion theory. These objectives were pursued using triangulated methods. A self-completion questionnaire was employed for the quantitative element of the study, while in-depth interviews were conducted for the qualitative component of the investigation. Research participants were members of the Biddulph Valley Exercise on Prescription Scheme. Findings indicated that exercise on prescription may play an effective role in mental health promotion, generating a range of psychosocial health impacts promotive of mental well-being among participants and the wider community. Results also revealed that the augmentation of the mental health promotive role of exercise on prescription, in line with mental health promotion theory, was largely unwarranted, being inappropriate to the mental health needs of participants. These findings suggest that exercise on prescription confers benefits of an extent and nature as yet not widely recognised, and that the principles of mental health promotion may not be universally applicable. The implications for research and practice are to acknowledge the potentially significant psychosocial outcomes of exercise on prescription when targeting and evaluating initiatives, and when informing scheme development, to ensure that it is not theory, but needs assessment that takes precedence.
    • Experiences and evaluation of weight control approaches among polio survivors

      Morris, Mike; Fallows, Stephen; Quinn, Frances (University of Chester, 2012-10)
      This dissertation explored the experiences of polio surviors with weight control to determine if it was a particular issue for this group and to assess what invertentions are used, how limited mobility has been taken into account, and what factors contribute to success or difficulty. A questionnaire was advertised on the British Polio website and in its member magazine. A thematic analysis was used on the responses to open questions. 141 replies were obtained. The age polio contraction age and physical disability level matched that published from the UK epidemics. These were divided into lifetime weight managers, active weight managers and weight gainers for analysis. Eleven themes emerged on feeling around weight and success and difficulties on weight control. These showed that weight control is an issue for polio survivors and is strongly linked to mobility. Successful methods used were similar to general population studies. Issues emerged on the dietary strictness observed, the beliefs on ability to exercise and the support available from professionals. Polio survivors are concerned about weight control, most because of its effect on mobility. Some are at risk of nutritional inadequacy. The beliefs about exercise need to explored in more depth due to the impact on health. The use of BMI risk threshold may not be relevant for this group.
    • The experiences of person-centred counsellors working with clients presenting with complicated grief

      Wragg, Paul; Warman, Eleanor (University of Chester, 2013-10)
      The purpose of this research dissertation was to investigate the experiences of person-centred counsellors working with clients who presented with Complicated Grief. This was a phenomenologically-based qualitative study, which interviewed 4 practicing counsellors using semi-structured interviews as the method of data collection. Data was analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, and the findings resulted in three over arching super ordinate themes. These super ordinate themes are then broken down into sub themes, with two sub themes further broken down into ‘snapshots’ or topics. These results indicate a number of issues which are reflected in the literature. Working as a bereavement counsellor impacts on the self of the counsellor in positive ways such as personal satisfaction and intellectual stimulation, and in negative ways such as feelings of self-doubt about competence, or the emotional risks of working with themes of death and loss. Ongoing self-care monitoring and attendance was deemed vital, with team work viewed as a gift and supervision referenced as critical. Witnessing the client’s journey was a reported phenomenological experience, and a base of experience in bereavement counselling was found to act as aid to future bereavement work. The relationship became a tool in the work, and the study found these person-centred participants shied away from labelling grief, were not panicked by suicidal inclinations in clients, felt bereavement is not a linear process, and that sitting with difficult emotions was part of their job. Some themes had not been predicted proved harder to place within the context of available literature. The participants’ use of narrative occasionally reflected their process, cementing them as intrinsic to the work they do. Metaphors around movement were powerful, while time did not seem to remain linear in the experiences of some clients and participants themselves. Finally, the study found participants experienced dual levels of reality simultaneously, and some thoughts or feelings became tangible in the room while others remained ephemeral.
    • An exploration of bilingual (Welsh-English) counsellors' experiences of counselling in a mother tongue and in a non-mother tongue language

      Williams, Rhian (University of Chester, 2015-10)
      This research investigates the experiences of bilingual (Welsh-English) counsellors providing therapy in their mother tongue (Welsh) and in their non-mother tongue (English). The data was gathered from an in-depth semi-structured interview with five participants from North and West Wales who described Welsh as their mother tongue and it was analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). The findings demonstrated that the therapists recognised differences when counselling in Welsh and in English. The participants experienced a different sense of self depending on the language spoken and described a pre-existing understanding and sense of ease that emerged when they counselled clients who shared the same mother tongue as themselves. Consequently, this facilitated the development of safety and trust that arose when they provided therapy to clients in their first language. The results highlighted how the familiarity of the language of training and the passage of time benefits how the therapists conceptualise their counselling abilities. The study found that aspects such as the therapists’ lack of linguistic proficiency and a need to make an extra effort in their less familiar and/or less confident languages can hinder the counselling relationship. However the research demonstrated that their bilingualism enhanced the therapy by offering more flexibility and choice to clients. These findings support existing literature on the topic and also provide new insights into Welsh first language therapists’ experiences of working bilingually.
    • An exploration of counsellors’ perspectives on factors that influence their well-being and resilience

      Chance, Karen (University of Chester, 2012-10)
      This qualitative research is an exploration of counsellors’ perspectives on the factors that influence their well-being and resilience. The data was gathered from five practicing counsellors, using semi-structured interviews and analysed by the Constant Comparative Method. Analysis of the data found that working as a counsellor can adversely affect health and well-being, and that wellness is a holistic phenomenon. A major theme to emerge from the data was that enhanced self-awareness can help prevent a reduction in well-being. Additionally, participants described finding it necessary to take positive action in order to maintain wellness, and many strategies were identified. These findings support research in this area.
    • An exploration of homosexual identity formation in gay men from heterosexual marriages

      Swinton, Valda; Newton, Trevor (University of Chester, 2012-03)
      This study explored identity formation and the ‘coming out’ process of gay men who had been heterosexually married. The participants explored their sexual identity development, their marriage, and their coming out as gay to themselves and to others in a semi-structured interview. The interviews were analysed through a heuristic enquiry and a phenomenological approach that honoured the unique perceptions and interpretations of the world that the researcher and participants grew up in and became acculturated to. The research supports the current literature with regard to suicidal ideation and fear about coming out: these are not a thing of the past and remain a problem for those who internalise their homophobia. The research highlighted a gap in the literature surrounding the impact a child may feel when one of their parents comes out from a heterosexual marriage. The implications for counselling practice and training were also discussed.
    • An exploration of psychosocial adjustment to cardiopulmonary transplantation

      Regan, Julie-Anne; Cheater, Hilary J. (University of Liverpool (University College Chester), 2005-11)
      The aims of this assessment of needs research were: to explore psychosocial adjustment to cardiopulmonary transplantation among a sample of recipients; to gain an insight into the importance of psychosocial support for recipients; and to reveal any differences within demographic data, with regards to psychosocial adjustment. The research strategy employed was quantitative, and a cross-sectional study was undertaken, using the Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale (Derogatis, 1983). A purposeful sample of 69 recipients were invited to participate in the research, and data was analysed using a variety of statistical tests within the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 12. A total response rate of 47.8% (n=33) was achieved, with results indicating that 69.7% of recipients who participated in this research reflected 'maladjustment' or 'maladjustment within the clinical range' to cardiopulmonary transplantation. The clinical and statistical significance of results identified groups of patients at higher risk for maladjustment to cardiopulmonary transplantation, namely, those who were unemployed, those who lived further away from the transplant unit, and those who were between one and three years post-transplant. These findings may be useful to the cardiopulmonary transplant unit where the research took place, and to other units and health care institutions throughout the United Kingdom. The results have the potential to influence policy decisions regarding health promotion interventions which may reduce the risk of maladjustment to cardiopulmonary transplantation. Furthermore, expansion of multi-disciplinary team services offered to cardiopulmonary transplant recipients may be considered. The findings may also have resonance with other chronic conditions with regards to the psychosocial support and intervention necessary to facilitate appropriate adjustment to illness and optimum patient recovery.
    • An exploration of the impact of a change programme on employee job satisfaction levels at UPM-Shotton

      Jones, Alan; O'Grady, Andrew (University of ChesterUPM-Shotton, 2008-06)
      Contemporary literature on organisational change suggests that the pace of change is accelerating and that organisations must be prepared to anticipate and respond quickly to change in order to remain competitive. Effective change management practices and processes have become an increasingly indispensable part of running a successful business. The impact of change on employee well-being is also of growing importance as it can affect the functioning of the business. Despite the considerable amount of academic literature on change, there seems to be a lack of research on the impact of change on employee levels of job satisfaction, and the factors that maintain or enhance job satisfaction during change. More specifically, no research has investigated how a TPM change programme affects employee levels of job satisfaction. This study therefore aims to explore how a TPM change programme impacts on levels of employee job satisfaction, within a manufacturing environment. A conceptual model was developed which drew together the key theoretical elements of change management and job satisfaction. A cross-sectional design was used to compare levels of job satisfaction, and factors identified from the conceptual model between a group actively involved in a TPM change programme (N = 30) with a group not yet involved in the change programme (N = 48). Statistical analyses demonstrated that there were significant differences between groups. Significantly higher levels of job satisfaction, opportunities to learn new skills and the experience of effective communication, was shown by participants actively involved in the TPM change programme. In addition, levels of job satisfaction showed significant positive correlations with understanding the need and benefits of the change programme and personal responsibility for successfully completing work outcomes. It was concluded that the non-significant differences found between groups, concerning aspects of job enrichment, suggest that other factors of the conceptual model, such as communication and learning culture, may have a stronger influence on levels of job satisfaction.
    • An exploration of the impact of emotional labour on secondary school teachers in the UK

      Swinton, Valda; Doyle, Eileen (University of Chester, 2014-10)
      This study is an exploration of the impact of emotional labour on secondary school teachers in the UK. It is a small-scale qualitative study using data from five secondary school teachers currently working in various counties in the north-west of England. The data from these participants was collected using semi-structured interviews. The data was subsequently analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, the findings of which show that although teaching is an emotionally demanding job, experiences of the emotional labour involved in it can be positive as well as negative. The emerging themes include the impact of emotional labour both inside and outside the classroom and the demands this makes on teachers. The findings support other research work in this area.
    • An exploration of the impact of perceived inappropriate referrals from clinical placement on the trainee counsellor’s professional development

      Sides, Mair E. (University of Chester, 2014-10)
      The purpose of this research was to explore the experiences of trainee counsellors who had worked with clients during their placement who they perceived to be inappropriately referred for counselling; and to uncover the impact of such experiences on their professional development. The data was gathered using semi-structured interviews with four participants and was subsequently evaluated using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The findings revealed three overarching super-ordinate themes that compressed a number of inter-related personal and professional issues for the developing trainee. Primary themes encapsulate an initially bewildering stance when engaging with clients, and this affected the participant’s sense of themselves as therapists and consequently exerted pressure on their clinical practice. However subsequent themes uncovered a procession of growth-enhancing features that gave rise to more secure professional identities and improved capacity to tolerate the ambiguities involved in the practice element of counselling training. The main conclusion drawn from the findings of this sample is that work with clients perceived to be inappropriately referred invokes both negative and positive influences on the trainee’s development. Suggestions for further research and implications for training are subsequently discussed.
    • An exploration of the impact of the death of a child sexual abuser on the grief process of adult survivors who are counsellors

      Millar, Julie A. (University of Chester, 2017-10)
      The purpose of this research study was to explore the intersection of bereavement and child sexual abuse focussing on the specific experience of an adult survivor’s grief process when the abuser dies. Both bereavement and child sexual abuse have been extensively researched, however there is a lack of research on the intersection between these two fields. The literature search highlighted established theory from bereavement, child sexual abuse and trauma research, including complicated grief, disenfranchised grief, continuing bonds, attachment behaviour, and identity. This reflects the complexity of the impacts of the experience of the death of a child sexual abuser on the adult survivor. The research sample consisted of four counsellors/counselling students who had experienced childhood sexual abuse, and the abuser had died more than five years ago. Data was collected using semi structured interviews and analysed using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. This process placed the focus on the experience of the participant as the key data. The research found complicated grief reactions to the death of the abuser. Exploration of the death of the abuser activated responses to other losses in childhood associated with the abuse, and identified consequences in adult life. Disenfranchised grief for the losses associated with the abuse was found. No continuing bonds were found, and this was significant in terms of identity and meaning making. Attachment issues and family context were explored in the findings. Disclosure, personal meaning making and counselling were also found to be important. These findings indicate that the experience of the death of a child sexual abuser for the adult survivor implicates many established theories, and that the constellation of loss is different for each survivor. The research indicates that counsellors working with survivors of child sexual abuse when the abuser dies may need to be aware of a wide range of theoretical positions, whilst maintaining awareness of the uniqueness of each survivor’s experience.
    • An exploration of the ministry of women in the church with special reference to the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus

      Hogan, Linda; Daba Bultum, Bekure (University of Liverpool (Chester College of Higher Education), 1994-05)
      The place of women and their status in both church and society has been debated for many years. This work claims to indicate that women's work and ministry need to be recognised. Women are most important people in both these areas though they are not the ones to hold the responsible positions. Considering the place of women in Ethiopian and in African socieities they do triple work (housework, child bearing and agricultural work) and even more. But because of the socio-cultural ethos, women's work is undervalued and gender bias has become obvious. The survey of the dissertation sets out to explore, through a review of literature, how women's ministry has been seen in the church. Why can they not conduct ministry in all areas the same as their male counterparts. The aim of the work is firstly a personal one because it is my interest to know more about the ministry of women and their place in both areas as it may help in my future service. Secondly, it seems helpful for other people who want to deal with the subject. This dissertation contains four chapters. In chapter one women's activities in housework, their share in education, property ownership and health will be discussed. The second chapter considers women's ministry and their place in the church. In the third chapter, the quwestion of women's ordination is explored and in the fourth one a short summary with some suggested strategies will be given.
    • An Exploration of the Perceptions of Psychological Support following Stroke from the Perspectives of Stroke Survivors, Carers and Family Members

      Cousins, Margaret; Nelson, Fiona J. (University of Chester, 2016)
      Psychological consequences of stroke are prevalent and associated with reduction in participation, physical outcomes and quality of life as well as increased morbidity and mortality. Guideline documentation on psychological support following stroke focuses on service provision to maximise access. However, little attention is paid to factors governing service acceptance. This study explored the perceptions of psychological support from the perspectives of stroke survivors, informal carers and family members. This was achieved through exploring participants’ understanding of ‘psychological support’ and their previous experiences as well understanding of the purpose of such support. A qualitative methodological approach was adopted using semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions to collect data. Thematic analysis of data was carried out. Sampling was purposive to identify potential participants, of which there were 19 including stroke survivors (9), informal carers (8) and family members (2). Many intrinsic as well as social factors were found to influence perceptions of psychological support including lack of understanding of what is involved and barriers such as use of the word ‘psychology’ and stigma related to mental health. This study highlighted the importance for those working with stroke survivors, carers and family members to recognise how perceptions of psychological support may be formed through an individual’s level of understanding, prior experiences and social influence. Choice of terminology and clarity of explanation of ‘psychological support’ may influence decisions to accept or seek support following stroke. Therefore, working practices should be adapted to maximise access.
    • An exploration of trainee high-intensity therapist’s views of self-disclosure in clinical supervision using q-methodology and semi-structured interviews

      Evans, Gemma; Kreft, Joseph (University of Chester, 2017-09)
      Self-disclosure is an important component of clinical supervision within psychotherapy, however despite research into different disciplines little is known about its function within cognitive behavioural therapy. Fifteen trainee high-intensity CBT therapist’s views on acceptability, experiences, and barriers were explored using both Q-methodology and semi-structured interviews, analysed using inductive Thematic Analysis. Within the Q-method data, one consensus factor was extracted with a second specificity factor also identified. These two factors were highly intercorrelated and indicated current, continued moral and ethical importance of self-disclosure and the role it has on individual professional practice, personal wellbeing and the supervisory relationship. An inductive thematic analysis of interview data was used to examine and identify common themes associated within the participants. Four key themes were identified from the analysis these where named; Function & purpose of clinical supervision, experiences of self-disclosure, supervisee self-disclosure and supervisor self-disclosure. Results provided suggestions to encourage and promote the use of self-disclosure in education and primary care settings.
    • Exploratory analysis of goalball: A regression based approach

      Worsfold, Paul R.; Owen, Gareth (University of Chester, 2014-10)
      The purpose of the study was to identify whether there was a relative quality effect for key performance indicators (KPI) in goalball. The study was completed from a performance analysis perspective and analysis was completed on two major international goalball tournaments (Paralympics 2012, European A 2013) and three IBSA qualifying events (Hungary 2013, Venice 2014, Malmo 2014). A regression-based analysis described by O’Donoghue & Cullinane (2011) was used to identify whether there was a relative quality (RQ) effect between KPI in goalball. Results showed that there was a low correlation between RQ and KPI in goalball. Although weak positive correlation was observed, a repeated measures anova showed trends for shots to pockets (F=3.280, p=0.053) and speed of shot (F=4.048, p<0.05), with a weak negative correlation for smooth shots (F=5.598, p<0.05). Thus, suggesting that teams of higher RQ score more goals, through faster more accurate shots. The regression was used to present a case study from one match between Russia and GB (RQ of +1.12, -1.12 respectively). The team with higher RQ performed well in desirable aspects of performance, exceeding the performance of 81.30% for speed of shot, 94.36% shots to pockets and 70.63% bounce shots of performances with that RQ. Despite the low correlation between RQ effect and KPI in goalball the regression-based analysis was shown to have an applied application, although caution would be expressed due to the variation experienced in the upper and lower estimates of the prediction equation.
    • An exploratory study to determine if younger patients’ with implantable cardioverter defibrillators have an improved quality of life following cardiac rehabilitation

      Fallows, Stephen; Morris, Mike; Grieger, Andréa (University of Chester, 2012-11-19)
      The quality of life and anxieties of young patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) are not clearly understood. A small number of studies have looked at both physical and psychological issues in this group however not by evaluating attendance and outcomes of ICD patients’ participating in cardiac rehabilitation (CR). The study aims to establish whether a CR programme offered to young ICD patients (less than 50 years of age) helps improve their quality of life and reduces stress and anxiety levels. A comparison was made to a group of young ICD patients who had not yet completed a CR programme. The sample size was twenty ICD patients with inherited cardiac conditions who had an ICD implanted in the last eighteen months. Ages ranged from 23-49 years, mean age was 40 (± 7.83). The CR group (n=10) had enrolled on an eight week CR programme at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust and completed a quality of life questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) at baseline and after the programme. The non-CR group (n=10) were asked to complete the same questionnaires. Retrospective questionnaire data was analysed pre and post CR using repeated measures and compared with prospective data collected from the non-CR group. Quality of life components included physical fitness, feelings, daily activities, social activities, pain, change in health, overall health, social support and quality of life. In total five patients in the CR group completed the CR programme within the study timeframe and 80% of patients in the non-CR group returned the questionnaires. None of the CR group quality of life scores were found to be statistically significant following CR. There was a reduction between pre and post questionnaire median scores in components ‘quality of life’ (12.5%), ‘daily activities’ (25%), and ‘physical fitness’ (25%). A reduction of 14.29% was observed in the CR group depression scores, however differences in both anxiety and depression scores were not found to be significant (p=0.680, p=0.06 respectively). Post CR scores and non-CR group quality of life scores were not significantly different. This exploratory study identified areas of quality of life where younger ICD patients experience problems and how CR may assist them in their initial recovery after ICD implant. A reduction was found in depression scores following CR, however it is not clear whether CR improves quality of life for this population. There may be scope for specific ICD follow up in the future as these patients currently have access to specialist advice from healthcare professionals within Cardiology.
    • Explore the Issues Faced by Family Caregivers of Dementia Patients and Their Use of Online Forums

      Whelen, Liz; Bell, Katherine (University of Chester, 2018)
      This qualitative study looks at the primary issues faced by dementia family caregivers and their uses of online forums. The previous literature finds that there are an array of psychological issues that are faced by dementia caregivers, including depression, anxiety, social isolation and psychological morbidity. The literature also analyses the potential causes of these problems. The research was conducted through the Thematic Analysis of 50 forum posts to interpret the content of what the caregivers were posting about in the forums and analyse how the caregivers made use of this platform. The results found three overarching themes to show the primary psychological problems that the caregivers were complaining of: anxiety, psychological morbidity and social isolation. The results also found two main reasons that the forums were being used, the need for help from others, and the desire for more knowledge on dementia. The causes that contribute to these issues are discussed in the present study, alongside the benefits and limitations of this method of research and the benefits of anonymity on online discussion forums. Ultimately, it is established that there is a need for more professional help to become available to dementia family caregivers and for further research into specific issues faced by forum users and the causes of these.