• Long‐term outcomes of cardiovascular rehabilitation: One year follow‐up concerning quality of life, physical activity and psychological state of health – a pilot study

      Buckley, John P.; Fallows, Stephen; Morris, Mike; Ilina, Viktoriia (University of Chester, 2014-10)
      Cardiovascular rehabilitation is known to be beneficial in short‐term and long‐term disease management and enhancing physical and psychological well‐being: the majority of recent evidence outlines that comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation has positive short term improvements in physical fitness, quality of life and psychological status, however, there is less data regarding similar long‐term outcomes of the programme. A recent systematic review highlighted the efficacy of exercise‐based cardiac rehabilitation towards reduction in mortality (medium to longer term studies) and in hospital admissions (short‐term studies). Further research should focus on evaluation of comprehensive programmes as far as quality of life, social and psychological status are less explored in research literature, compared to mortality and morbidity levels. Special considerations are advised to contribute into monitoring and management of anxiety and depression levels which may alter patients` quality of life and general health state. Lastly, the analysis of prolonged rehabilitation outcomes should be in a high priority, according to confirmation of continuous 12 months improvement in physical activity, depression and anxiety reduction after rehabilitation. Consequently, the future studies are recommended to investigate whether participants of cardiac rehabilitation services maintain the physical and psychological benefits, at one year, following programme and, consequently, to reveal effectiveness of these services.