Shared meaning in children’s evaluations of art: A computational analysis

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/620750
Title:
Shared meaning in children’s evaluations of art: A computational analysis
Authors:
Schepman, Astrid ( 0000-0002-7407-362x ) ; Rodway, Paul ( 0000-0002-7667-6782 ) ; Kirkham, Julie A.; Lambert, Jordana; Locke, Anastasia
Abstract:
Art appreciation is often considered highly individual, but research has shown that there is also a shared element, which may be due to shared meanings and associations triggered by artworks. In the current analysis, we examined semantically based justifications given to aesthetic evaluations of abstract and representational artworks provided by 80 primary schoolchildren, aged 4, 5, 8, and 10 years. Using a computational semantic similarity analysis technique (UMBC Ebiquity), the authors found that children showed evidence for shared meaning in response to representational but not abstract art. The effect was present from age 4 through to age 10. In addition, it was found that the presence of semantic elements in the justifications boosted aesthetic appreciation, especially of abstract artworks. This suggests that individually constructed meaning is key to aesthetic appreciation and is, to an extent, independent from the meaning that might be assumed to be inherent in artworks, particularly if it is representational. The authors evaluate their findings in relation to aesthetic and developmental theories and make suggestions for future research. They argue that the current data, alongside calibrating analyses that apply their randomization and semantic analysis protocol to children’s picture naming responses, further demonstrate the robustness of the computational semantic similarity analysis method, with great potential for further studies in semantic interpretation of art or other types of stimuli.
Affiliation:
University of Chester
Citation:
Schepman, A., Kirkham, J., Rodway, P., Lambert, J. & Locke, A. (2017-in press). Shared meaning in children’s evaluations of art: A computational analysis. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts.
Publisher:
American Psychological Association
Journal:
Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts.
Publication Date:
31-Dec-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/620750
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
© 2017, American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the final, authoritative version of the article. Please do not copy or cite without authors permission. The final article will be available, upon publication, via its DOI: 10.1037/aca0000159
ISSN:
1931-3896
EISSN:
1931-390X
Appears in Collections:
Psychology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSchepman, Astriden
dc.contributor.authorRodway, Paulen
dc.contributor.authorKirkham, Julie A.en
dc.contributor.authorLambert, Jordanaen
dc.contributor.authorLocke, Anastasiaen
dc.date.accessioned2017-12-07T11:56:56Z-
dc.date.available2017-12-07T11:56:56Z-
dc.date.issued2017-12-31-
dc.identifier.citationSchepman, A., Kirkham, J., Rodway, P., Lambert, J. & Locke, A. (2017-in press). Shared meaning in children’s evaluations of art: A computational analysis. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts.en
dc.identifier.issn1931-3896-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/620750-
dc.description© 2017, American Psychological Association. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the final, authoritative version of the article. Please do not copy or cite without authors permission. The final article will be available, upon publication, via its DOI: 10.1037/aca0000159en
dc.description.abstractArt appreciation is often considered highly individual, but research has shown that there is also a shared element, which may be due to shared meanings and associations triggered by artworks. In the current analysis, we examined semantically based justifications given to aesthetic evaluations of abstract and representational artworks provided by 80 primary schoolchildren, aged 4, 5, 8, and 10 years. Using a computational semantic similarity analysis technique (UMBC Ebiquity), the authors found that children showed evidence for shared meaning in response to representational but not abstract art. The effect was present from age 4 through to age 10. In addition, it was found that the presence of semantic elements in the justifications boosted aesthetic appreciation, especially of abstract artworks. This suggests that individually constructed meaning is key to aesthetic appreciation and is, to an extent, independent from the meaning that might be assumed to be inherent in artworks, particularly if it is representational. The authors evaluate their findings in relation to aesthetic and developmental theories and make suggestions for future research. They argue that the current data, alongside calibrating analyses that apply their randomization and semantic analysis protocol to children’s picture naming responses, further demonstrate the robustness of the computational semantic similarity analysis method, with great potential for further studies in semantic interpretation of art or other types of stimuli.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationen
dc.subjectEmpirical aestheticsen
dc.subjectShared understandingen
dc.subjectArt appreciationen
dc.subjectChild Developmenten
dc.subjectComputational Semantic Analysisen
dc.titleShared meaning in children’s evaluations of art: A computational analysisen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1931-390X-
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Chesteren
dc.identifier.journalPsychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts.en
dc.date.accepted2017-11-07-
or.grant.openaccessYesen
rioxxterms.funderUniversity of Chester (QR)en
rioxxterms.identifier.projectInternal grant Rodway, Kirkham, Schepman (2013/14): Aesthetic psychology: developmental pathwaysen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2217-12-31-
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