Combined heat and power from the intermediate pyrolysis of biomass materials: performance, economics and environmental impact

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/620656
Title:
Combined heat and power from the intermediate pyrolysis of biomass materials: performance, economics and environmental impact
Authors:
Yang, Yang; Brammer, John; Wright, Daniel; Scott, Jim; Serrano, Clara; Bridgwater, Tony
Abstract:
Combined heat and power from the intermediate pyrolysis of biomass materials offers flexible, on demand renewable energy with some significant advantages over other renewable routes. To maximize the deployment of this technology an understanding of the dynamics and sensitivities of such a system is required. In the present work the system performance, economics and life-cycle environmental impact is analysed with the aid of the process simulation software Aspen Plus. Under the base conditions for the UK, such schemes are not currently economically competitive with energy and char products produced from conventional means. However, under certain scenarios as modelled using a sensitivity analysis this technology can compete and can therefore potentially contribute to the energy and resource sustainability of the economy, particularly in on-site applications with low-value waste feedstocks. The major areas for potential performance improvement are in reactor cost reductions, the reliable use of waste feedstocks and a high value end use for the char by-product from pyrolysis.
Affiliation:
Aston University; University of Chester
Citation:
Yang, Y., Brammer, J.G., Wright, D. G., Scott, J. A., Serrano, C., & Bridgwater, A.V. (2017). Combined heat and power from the intermediate pyrolysis of biomass materials: performance, economics and environmental impact. Applied Energy, 191, 639-652. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.004
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Applied Energy
Publication Date:
10-Feb-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/620656
DOI:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.004
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261917301186?via%3Dihub
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0306-2619
Appears in Collections:
Chemical Engineering

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorYang, Yangen
dc.contributor.authorBrammer, Johnen
dc.contributor.authorWright, Danielen
dc.contributor.authorScott, Jimen
dc.contributor.authorSerrano, Claraen
dc.contributor.authorBridgwater, Tonyen
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-16T09:00:00Z-
dc.date.available2017-10-16T09:00:00Z-
dc.date.issued2017-02-10-
dc.identifier.citationYang, Y., Brammer, J.G., Wright, D. G., Scott, J. A., Serrano, C., & Bridgwater, A.V. (2017). Combined heat and power from the intermediate pyrolysis of biomass materials: performance, economics and environmental impact. Applied Energy, 191, 639-652. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.004en
dc.identifier.issn0306-2619-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.02.004-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/620656-
dc.description.abstractCombined heat and power from the intermediate pyrolysis of biomass materials offers flexible, on demand renewable energy with some significant advantages over other renewable routes. To maximize the deployment of this technology an understanding of the dynamics and sensitivities of such a system is required. In the present work the system performance, economics and life-cycle environmental impact is analysed with the aid of the process simulation software Aspen Plus. Under the base conditions for the UK, such schemes are not currently economically competitive with energy and char products produced from conventional means. However, under certain scenarios as modelled using a sensitivity analysis this technology can compete and can therefore potentially contribute to the energy and resource sustainability of the economy, particularly in on-site applications with low-value waste feedstocks. The major areas for potential performance improvement are in reactor cost reductions, the reliable use of waste feedstocks and a high value end use for the char by-product from pyrolysis.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306261917301186?via%3Dihuben
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectPyrolysisen
dc.subjectBiomassen
dc.titleCombined heat and power from the intermediate pyrolysis of biomass materials: performance, economics and environmental impacten
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentAston University; University of Chesteren
dc.identifier.journalApplied Energyen
dc.date.accepted2017-02-01-
or.grant.openaccessYesen
rioxxterms.funderEPSRCen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectnot knownen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-04-01-
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