Exploring thematic Nightmare content and associated self-harm risk

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/620582
Title:
Exploring thematic Nightmare content and associated self-harm risk
Authors:
Hochard, Kevin D.; Ashcroft, Sam; Carroll, Janine; Heym, Nadja ( 0000-0003-2414-8854 ) ; Townsend, Ellen ( 0000-0002-4677-5958 )
Abstract:
Nightmares have been shown to be robust predictors of self-harm risk, beyond depressive symptoms and hopelessness at times. However, few studies have investigated associations between nightmare content and increased self-harm risk. The present study explored associations of thematic nightmare content with history of self-harm, and risk of self-harm phenomena the morning following a nightmare. A mixed-method diary study was employed. Prospective nightmare reports were obtained from 72 participants. A total of 47 nightmare reports met inclusion criteria and were analyzed for themes using inductive thematic analysis. Chi-square and bootstrap Pearson’s correlation tests were performed to assess the associations between nightmare themes and self-harm history and risk of self-harm phenomena following a nightmare. ‘Powerlessness to Change Behavior’ was associated a history of self-harm engagement, whereas ‘Financial Hardship’ indicated reduced risk. Themes were not significantly associated with increased risk of self-harm phenomena following a nightmare. Content may be of use in detecting lifetime history of self-harm engagement particularly in populations where disclosure is seen as taboo. However, nightmare symptom severity remains better indicators of risk. Evidence for the utility of nightmare content in assessing immediate self-harm risk is presently lacking. Replication with increased power is recommended.
Affiliation:
University of Chester; Nottingham Trent University; University of Nottingham
Citation:
Hochard, K. D, Ashcroft, S., Carroll, J., Heym, N. & Townsend, E. (2017-in press) Exploring thematic Nightmare content and associated self-harm risk. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.
Publisher:
Wiley
Journal:
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Publication Date:
2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/620582
Additional Links:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1943-278X
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hochard, K. D, Ashcroft, S., Carroll, J., Heym, N. & Townsend, E. (2017-in press) Exploring thematic Nightmare content and associated self-harm risk. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, which will be published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1943-278X. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
ISSN:
0363-0234
EISSN:
1943-278X
Appears in Collections:
Psychology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHochard, Kevin D.en
dc.contributor.authorAshcroft, Samen
dc.contributor.authorCarroll, Janineen
dc.contributor.authorHeym, Nadjaen
dc.contributor.authorTownsend, Ellenen
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-02T11:48:19Z-
dc.date.available2017-08-02T11:48:19Z-
dc.date.issued2017-
dc.identifier.citationHochard, K. D, Ashcroft, S., Carroll, J., Heym, N. & Townsend, E. (2017-in press) Exploring thematic Nightmare content and associated self-harm risk. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.en
dc.identifier.issn0363-0234-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/620582-
dc.descriptionThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hochard, K. D, Ashcroft, S., Carroll, J., Heym, N. & Townsend, E. (2017-in press) Exploring thematic Nightmare content and associated self-harm risk. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, which will be published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1943-278X. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.en
dc.description.abstractNightmares have been shown to be robust predictors of self-harm risk, beyond depressive symptoms and hopelessness at times. However, few studies have investigated associations between nightmare content and increased self-harm risk. The present study explored associations of thematic nightmare content with history of self-harm, and risk of self-harm phenomena the morning following a nightmare. A mixed-method diary study was employed. Prospective nightmare reports were obtained from 72 participants. A total of 47 nightmare reports met inclusion criteria and were analyzed for themes using inductive thematic analysis. Chi-square and bootstrap Pearson’s correlation tests were performed to assess the associations between nightmare themes and self-harm history and risk of self-harm phenomena following a nightmare. ‘Powerlessness to Change Behavior’ was associated a history of self-harm engagement, whereas ‘Financial Hardship’ indicated reduced risk. Themes were not significantly associated with increased risk of self-harm phenomena following a nightmare. Content may be of use in detecting lifetime history of self-harm engagement particularly in populations where disclosure is seen as taboo. However, nightmare symptom severity remains better indicators of risk. Evidence for the utility of nightmare content in assessing immediate self-harm risk is presently lacking. Replication with increased power is recommended.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.relation.urlhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1943-278Xen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectnightmaresen
dc.subjectself-harmen
dc.titleExploring thematic Nightmare content and associated self-harm risken
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1943-278X-
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Chester; Nottingham Trent University; University of Nottinghamen
dc.identifier.journalSuicide and Life-Threatening Behavioren
dc.date.accepted2017-07-25-
or.grant.openaccessYesen
rioxxterms.funderunfundeden
rioxxterms.identifier.projectunfundeden
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2019-12-31-
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