Trends in Saturated Fat, Total Fat and Coronary Heart Disease in the United Kingdom 1950-2010: Does the evidence support current dietary guidelines

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/620297
Title:
Trends in Saturated Fat, Total Fat and Coronary Heart Disease in the United Kingdom 1950-2010: Does the evidence support current dietary guidelines
Authors:
Carlsson, James
Abstract:
Background and aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between saturated fat, total fat and coronary heart disease (CHD) at United Kingdom (UK), national and regional level and to establish if available data supports current dietary guidelines for the reduction of total and saturated fat intake. Methods Data was sought pertaining to historical trends in dietary intake, CHD mortality and associated measures within the UK. Trends were then analysed to establish if a relationship, if any existed between measures. Results Results show that from a peak in 1978 male CHD mortality to 2010 fell by 79% in men and 83% in women. In the same period relative saturated fat intake fell by 4.6% and total fat by 3.4%. Analyses showed at the UK population level there was a consistent significant positive association between saturated fat intake and coronary heart disease mortality in men and women between 1972 to 2010 (P<0.01). The relationship between total fat intake and CHD was less consistent as were associations at national and regional level. There was no association between saturated fat intake, total fat intake and CHD prevalence. 56 Conclusion The results of this study support current population dietary guidelines however the disparity between the percentage change between saturated and total fat intake compared to the decline in CHD mortality over time questions the impact saturated fat has on CHD. It is clear further research is needed.
Citation:
Carlsson, J. (2015). Trends in saturated fat, total fat and coronary heart disease in the United Kingdom 1950-2010: Does the evidence support current dietary guidelines. (Master's thesis). University of Chester, United Kingdom.
Publisher:
University of Chester
Publication Date:
Sep-2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/620297
Type:
Thesis or dissertation
Language:
en
Appears in Collections:
Masters Dissertations

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCarlsson, Jamesen
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-20T10:13:49Z-
dc.date.available2016-12-20T10:13:49Z-
dc.date.issued2015-09-
dc.identifier.citationCarlsson, J. (2015). Trends in saturated fat, total fat and coronary heart disease in the United Kingdom 1950-2010: Does the evidence support current dietary guidelines. (Master's thesis). University of Chester, United Kingdom.en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/620297-
dc.description.abstractBackground and aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between saturated fat, total fat and coronary heart disease (CHD) at United Kingdom (UK), national and regional level and to establish if available data supports current dietary guidelines for the reduction of total and saturated fat intake. Methods Data was sought pertaining to historical trends in dietary intake, CHD mortality and associated measures within the UK. Trends were then analysed to establish if a relationship, if any existed between measures. Results Results show that from a peak in 1978 male CHD mortality to 2010 fell by 79% in men and 83% in women. In the same period relative saturated fat intake fell by 4.6% and total fat by 3.4%. Analyses showed at the UK population level there was a consistent significant positive association between saturated fat intake and coronary heart disease mortality in men and women between 1972 to 2010 (P<0.01). The relationship between total fat intake and CHD was less consistent as were associations at national and regional level. There was no association between saturated fat intake, total fat intake and CHD prevalence. 56 Conclusion The results of this study support current population dietary guidelines however the disparity between the percentage change between saturated and total fat intake compared to the decline in CHD mortality over time questions the impact saturated fat has on CHD. It is clear further research is needed.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherUniversity of Chesteren
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectsaturated faten
dc.subjectcoronary heart diseaseen
dc.titleTrends in Saturated Fat, Total Fat and Coronary Heart Disease in the United Kingdom 1950-2010: Does the evidence support current dietary guidelinesen
dc.typeThesis or dissertationen
dc.type.qualificationnameMScen
dc.type.qualificationlevelMasters Degreeen
dc.description.advisorFallows, Stephenen
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