Nothing by mere authority: Evidence that in an experimental analogue of the Milgram paradigm participants are motivated not by orders but by appeals to science

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/604991
Title:
Nothing by mere authority: Evidence that in an experimental analogue of the Milgram paradigm participants are motivated not by orders but by appeals to science
Authors:
Haslam, S. Alexander; Reicher, Stephen D.; Birney, Megan E.
Abstract:
Milgram’s classic research in which people follow experimental instructions to continue administering shocks to another person is widely understood to demonstrate people’s natural inclination to obey the orders of those in authority. However, analysis of participants’ responses to prods that Milgram’s Experimenter employed to encourage them to continue indicates that the one that most resembled an order was the least successful. The present study examines the impact of prods more closely by manipulating them between-participants within an analogue paradigm in which participants are instructed to use negative adjectives to describe increasingly pleasant groups. Across all conditions, continuation and completion were positively predicted by the extent to which prods appealed to scientific goals but negatively predicted by the degree to which a prod constituted an order. These results provide no support for the traditional conformity account of Milgram’s findings, but are consistent with an engaged followership model which argues that participants’ willingness to continue with an objectionable task is predicated upon active identification with the scientific project and those leading it.
Affiliation:
University of Queensland; University of St. Andrews; University of Exeter
Citation:
Haslam, S. A., Reicher, S. D., & Birney, M. E. (2014). Nothing by mere authority: Evidence that in an experimental analogue of the Milgram paradigm participants are motivated not by orders but by appeals to science. Journal of Social Issues, 70(3), 473–488. DOI: 10.1111/josi.12072
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Journal:
Journal of Social Issues
Publication Date:
4-Sep-2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/604991
DOI:
10.1111/josi.12072
Additional Links:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/josi.12072/abstract
Type:
Article
Language:
en_US
Description:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Haslam, S. A., Reicher, S. D., & Birney, M. E. (2014). Nothing by mere authority: Evidence that in an experimental analogue of the Milgram paradigm participants are motivated not by orders but by appeals to science. Journal of Social Issues, 70(3), 473–488. DOI: 10.1111/josi.12072, which has been published in final form at 10.1111/josi.12072. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving
EISSN:
1540-4560
Appears in Collections:
Psychology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHaslam, S. Alexanderen
dc.contributor.authorReicher, Stephen D.en
dc.contributor.authorBirney, Megan E.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-11T11:20:33Zen
dc.date.available2016-04-11T11:20:33Zen
dc.date.issued2014-09-04en
dc.identifier.citationHaslam, S. A., Reicher, S. D., & Birney, M. E. (2014). Nothing by mere authority: Evidence that in an experimental analogue of the Milgram paradigm participants are motivated not by orders but by appeals to science. Journal of Social Issues, 70(3), 473–488. DOI: 10.1111/josi.12072en
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/josi.12072en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/604991en
dc.descriptionThis is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Haslam, S. A., Reicher, S. D., & Birney, M. E. (2014). Nothing by mere authority: Evidence that in an experimental analogue of the Milgram paradigm participants are motivated not by orders but by appeals to science. Journal of Social Issues, 70(3), 473–488. DOI: 10.1111/josi.12072, which has been published in final form at 10.1111/josi.12072. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archivingen
dc.description.abstractMilgram’s classic research in which people follow experimental instructions to continue administering shocks to another person is widely understood to demonstrate people’s natural inclination to obey the orders of those in authority. However, analysis of participants’ responses to prods that Milgram’s Experimenter employed to encourage them to continue indicates that the one that most resembled an order was the least successful. The present study examines the impact of prods more closely by manipulating them between-participants within an analogue paradigm in which participants are instructed to use negative adjectives to describe increasingly pleasant groups. Across all conditions, continuation and completion were positively predicted by the extent to which prods appealed to scientific goals but negatively predicted by the degree to which a prod constituted an order. These results provide no support for the traditional conformity account of Milgram’s findings, but are consistent with an engaged followership model which argues that participants’ willingness to continue with an objectionable task is predicated upon active identification with the scientific project and those leading it.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen
dc.relation.urlhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/josi.12072/abstracten
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0/en
dc.subjectMilgramen
dc.subjectObedienceen
dc.subjectDisobedienceen
dc.subjectConformityen
dc.subjectSocial identificationen
dc.subjectFollowershipen
dc.titleNothing by mere authority: Evidence that in an experimental analogue of the Milgram paradigm participants are motivated not by orders but by appeals to scienceen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1540-4560en
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Queensland; University of St. Andrews; University of Exeteren
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Social Issuesen
dc.date.accepted2000-01-01en
or.grant.openaccessYesen
rioxxterms.funderxxen
rioxxterms.identifier.projectxxen
rioxxterms.versionAMen
rioxxterms.licenseref.startdate2214-09-04en
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