Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/603511
Title:
Swarming behaviour in elite race bunch cycling: a case study
Authors:
Waldron, Mark; Worsfold, Paul R.; White, Christopher; Murray, Stafford
Abstract:
The current study undertook a dynamical systems analysis of race bunch cycling, considering the 'sports contest' as a dynamical, self organising system (McGarry et al., 2002). Data from one international track racing event was used to analyse a potential non-linear aggregation theory of 'swarming' in the 'points race', with two objectives; 1) To identify a race profile of a basic swarm mentality within the points race; 2) To identify system stability and the possible perturbation of stability in relation to successful and unsuccessful breakaways. Stability was based upon a 'normal' profile of race behaviours, measured by three separate dependent measures, namely; Absolute Difference, Rate of Change and Phase Duration. Results showed; 1) The points race exhibits the quintessential 'attract and repel' elements that characterise the swarm mentality 2) One-way ANOVA revealed that breakaways of both successful (3.3±1.2 half laps) and unsuccessful (3.1±1.5 half laps) conditions tend to differ from the race 'norm' (2.1±1.3 half laps) in terms of phase duration (F(2, 228)=18.4, P<0.05), suggesting that breakaways perturb the system through longer attract and repel phases. Results are discussed in relation to the current and future effectiveness of describing race bunch cycling as a dynamical system.
Affiliation:
University of Chester
Citation:
Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., White, C., & Murray, S. (2011). Swarming behaviour in elite race bunch cycling: a case study. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11(1), 14-25.
Publisher:
Cardiff Metropolitan University
Journal:
International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport,
Publication Date:
Apr-2011
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/603511
Additional Links:
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/uwic/ujpa
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1474-8185
EISSN:
1474-8185
Appears in Collections:
Sport and Exercise Sciences

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWaldron, Marken
dc.contributor.authorWorsfold, Paul R.en
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Christopheren
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Stafforden
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-22T16:10:01Zen
dc.date.available2016-03-22T16:10:01Zen
dc.date.issued2011-04en
dc.identifier.citationWaldron, M., Worsfold, P., White, C., & Murray, S. (2011). Swarming behaviour in elite race bunch cycling: a case study. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 11(1), 14-25.en
dc.identifier.issn1474-8185en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/603511en
dc.description.abstractThe current study undertook a dynamical systems analysis of race bunch cycling, considering the 'sports contest' as a dynamical, self organising system (McGarry et al., 2002). Data from one international track racing event was used to analyse a potential non-linear aggregation theory of 'swarming' in the 'points race', with two objectives; 1) To identify a race profile of a basic swarm mentality within the points race; 2) To identify system stability and the possible perturbation of stability in relation to successful and unsuccessful breakaways. Stability was based upon a 'normal' profile of race behaviours, measured by three separate dependent measures, namely; Absolute Difference, Rate of Change and Phase Duration. Results showed; 1) The points race exhibits the quintessential 'attract and repel' elements that characterise the swarm mentality 2) One-way ANOVA revealed that breakaways of both successful (3.3±1.2 half laps) and unsuccessful (3.1±1.5 half laps) conditions tend to differ from the race 'norm' (2.1±1.3 half laps) in terms of phase duration (F(2, 228)=18.4, P<0.05), suggesting that breakaways perturb the system through longer attract and repel phases. Results are discussed in relation to the current and future effectiveness of describing race bunch cycling as a dynamical system.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCardiff Metropolitan Universityen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/uwic/ujpaen
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectPERTURBATIONen
dc.subjectCOMPLEX SYSTEMSen
dc.titleSwarming behaviour in elite race bunch cycling: a case studyen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1474-8185en
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Chesteren
dc.identifier.journalInternational Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport,en
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