Core Schemas across the Continuum of Psychosis: A Comparison of Clinical and Non-Clinical Groups

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/600842
Title:
Core Schemas across the Continuum of Psychosis: A Comparison of Clinical and Non-Clinical Groups
Authors:
Taylor, Hannah E.; Stewart, Suzanne L. K.; Dunn, Graham; Parker, Sophie; Fowler, David; Morrison, Anthony P.
Abstract:
Background: Research suggests that core schemas are important in both the development and maintenance of psychosis. Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate and compare core schemas in four groups along the continuum of psychosis and examine the relationships between schemas and positive psychotic symptomatology. Method: A measure of core schemas was distributed to 20 individuals experiencing first-episode psychosis (FEP), 113 individuals with “at risk mental states” (ARMS), 28 participants forming a help-seeking clinical group (HSC), and 30 non-help-seeking individuals who endorse some psychotic-like experiences (NH). Results: The clinical groups scored significantly higher than the NH group for negative beliefs about self and about others. No significant effects of group on positive beliefs about others were found. For positive beliefs about the self, the NH group scored significantly higher than the clinical groups. Furthermore, negative beliefs about self and others were related to positive psychotic symptomatology and to distress related to those experiences. Conclusions: Negative evaluations of the self and others appear to be characteristic of the appraisals of people seeking help for psychosis and psychosis-like experiences. The results support the literature that suggests that self-esteem should be a target for intervention. Future research would benefit from including comparison groups of people experiencing chronic psychosis and people who do not have any psychotic-like experiences.
Affiliation:
University of Manchester; Greater Manchester West Mental Health NHS Foundation; University of East Anglia
Citation:
Taylor, H. E., Stewart, S. L. K., Dunn, G., Parker, S., Fowler, D., & Morrison, A. P. (2014). Core schemas across the continuum of psychosis: A comparison of clinical and non-clinical groups. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42(6), 718-730. DOI: 10.1017/S1352465813000593
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Journal:
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Publication Date:
7-Aug-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/600842
DOI:
10.1017/S1352465813000593
Additional Links:
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltext?type=1&fid=9429781&jid=BCP&volumeId=42&issueId=06&aid=9429777; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23920050
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
This article has been accepted for publication and will appear in a revised form, subsequent to peer review and/or editorial input by Cambridge University Press, in Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy published by Cambridge University Press. Copyright BABCP.
EISSN:
1469-1833
Appears in Collections:
Psychology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Hannah E.en
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Suzanne L. K.en
dc.contributor.authorDunn, Grahamen
dc.contributor.authorParker, Sophieen
dc.contributor.authorFowler, Daviden
dc.contributor.authorMorrison, Anthony P.en
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-08T09:30:44Zen
dc.date.available2016-03-08T09:30:44Zen
dc.date.issued2013-08-07en
dc.identifier.citationTaylor, H. E., Stewart, S. L. K., Dunn, G., Parker, S., Fowler, D., & Morrison, A. P. (2014). Core schemas across the continuum of psychosis: A comparison of clinical and non-clinical groups. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 42(6), 718-730. DOI: 10.1017/S1352465813000593en
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S1352465813000593en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/600842en
dc.descriptionThis article has been accepted for publication and will appear in a revised form, subsequent to peer review and/or editorial input by Cambridge University Press, in Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy published by Cambridge University Press. Copyright BABCP.en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Research suggests that core schemas are important in both the development and maintenance of psychosis. Aims: The aim of the study was to investigate and compare core schemas in four groups along the continuum of psychosis and examine the relationships between schemas and positive psychotic symptomatology. Method: A measure of core schemas was distributed to 20 individuals experiencing first-episode psychosis (FEP), 113 individuals with “at risk mental states” (ARMS), 28 participants forming a help-seeking clinical group (HSC), and 30 non-help-seeking individuals who endorse some psychotic-like experiences (NH). Results: The clinical groups scored significantly higher than the NH group for negative beliefs about self and about others. No significant effects of group on positive beliefs about others were found. For positive beliefs about the self, the NH group scored significantly higher than the clinical groups. Furthermore, negative beliefs about self and others were related to positive psychotic symptomatology and to distress related to those experiences. Conclusions: Negative evaluations of the self and others appear to be characteristic of the appraisals of people seeking help for psychosis and psychosis-like experiences. The results support the literature that suggests that self-esteem should be a target for intervention. Future research would benefit from including comparison groups of people experiencing chronic psychosis and people who do not have any psychotic-like experiences.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltext?type=1&fid=9429781&jid=BCP&volumeId=42&issueId=06&aid=9429777en
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23920050en
dc.subjectContinuumen
dc.subjectPsychosisen
dc.subjectAt risk mental stateen
dc.subjectProdromeen
dc.subjectcore schemasen
dc.titleCore Schemas across the Continuum of Psychosis: A Comparison of Clinical and Non-Clinical Groupsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1469-1833en
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Manchester; Greater Manchester West Mental Health NHS Foundation; University of East Angliaen
dc.identifier.journalBehavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapyen
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