Exposure to criminal environment and criminal social identity in a sample of adult prisoners: The moderating role of psychopathic traits

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/596926
Title:
Exposure to criminal environment and criminal social identity in a sample of adult prisoners: The moderating role of psychopathic traits
Authors:
Sherretts, Nicole; Boduszek, Daniel; Debowska, Agata
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of period of incarceration, criminal friend index (a retrospective measure intended to quantify criminal associations before first incarceration), and four psychopathy factors (interpersonal manipulation, callous affect, erratic lifestyle, and antisocial behavior) in criminal social identity (CSI) while controlling for age and gender. Participants were a sample of 501 incarcerated offenders (males n = 293; females n = 208) from three prisons located in Pennsylvania Sate. Moderated regression analyses indicated no significant direct association between period of incarceration and CSI or between criminal friend index and CSI. However, a significant moderating effect of interpersonal manipulation on the relationship between period of incarceration and CSI was observed. Period of incarceration was significantly positively correlated with CSI (particularly with in-group ties subscale) only for those offenders who scored high (1 SD above the mean) on interpersonal manipulation and significantly negatively correlated for those who scored low (1 SD below the mean) on interpersonal manipulation. Also, criminal friend index was positively significantly associated with in-group ties for high levels (1 SD above the mean) of callous affect. The main findings provide evidence for the claim that prisoners are likely to simulate changes in identity through the formation of bonds with other offenders and that this can be achieved using interpersonal manipulation skills.
Affiliation:
University of Huddersfield ; SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities ; University of Chester
Citation:
Sherretts, N., Boduszek, D., & Debowska, A. (2016). Exposure to criminal environment and criminal social identity in a sample of adult prisoners: The Moderating role of psychopathic traits. Law and Human Behavior, 40(4), 430-439.http://dx.doi:10.1037/lhb0000188
Publisher:
American Psychological Association
Journal:
Law and Human Behavior
Publication Date:
Feb-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/596926
Additional Links:
http://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/lhb/
Type:
Article
Language:
en_US
Description:
This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record
ISSN:
1573-661X
Appears in Collections:
Psychology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSherretts, Nicoleen
dc.contributor.authorBoduszek, Danielen
dc.contributor.authorDebowska, Agataen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-22T14:39:07Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-22T14:39:07Zen
dc.date.issued2016-02en
dc.identifier.citationSherretts, N., Boduszek, D., & Debowska, A. (2016). Exposure to criminal environment and criminal social identity in a sample of adult prisoners: The Moderating role of psychopathic traits. Law and Human Behavior, 40(4), 430-439.http://dx.doi:10.1037/lhb0000188en
dc.identifier.issn1573-661Xen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/596926en
dc.descriptionThis article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of recorden
dc.description.abstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate the role of period of incarceration, criminal friend index (a retrospective measure intended to quantify criminal associations before first incarceration), and four psychopathy factors (interpersonal manipulation, callous affect, erratic lifestyle, and antisocial behavior) in criminal social identity (CSI) while controlling for age and gender. Participants were a sample of 501 incarcerated offenders (males n = 293; females n = 208) from three prisons located in Pennsylvania Sate. Moderated regression analyses indicated no significant direct association between period of incarceration and CSI or between criminal friend index and CSI. However, a significant moderating effect of interpersonal manipulation on the relationship between period of incarceration and CSI was observed. Period of incarceration was significantly positively correlated with CSI (particularly with in-group ties subscale) only for those offenders who scored high (1 SD above the mean) on interpersonal manipulation and significantly negatively correlated for those who scored low (1 SD below the mean) on interpersonal manipulation. Also, criminal friend index was positively significantly associated with in-group ties for high levels (1 SD above the mean) of callous affect. The main findings provide evidence for the claim that prisoners are likely to simulate changes in identity through the formation of bonds with other offenders and that this can be achieved using interpersonal manipulation skills.en
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.apa.org/pubs/journals/lhb/en
dc.subjectCriminal Social Identityen
dc.subjectPsychopathic Traitsen
dc.subjectIncarcerated Offendersen
dc.subjectModerated Regression Analysisen
dc.titleExposure to criminal environment and criminal social identity in a sample of adult prisoners: The moderating role of psychopathic traitsen_US
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Huddersfield ; SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities ; University of Chesteren
dc.identifier.journalLaw and Human Behavioren
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