Introduction and validation of Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS) in a large prison sample

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/595520
Title:
Introduction and validation of Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS) in a large prison sample
Authors:
Boduszek, Daniel; Debowska, Agata; Dhingra, Katie; DeLisi, Matthew
Abstract:
Purpose: The aim of this study was to create and validate a brief self-report scale of psychopathic personality traits for research purposes which would grasp the essence of a psychopathic personality, regardless of respondents’ age, gender, cultural background, and criminal history. Methods: The Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS), The Measure of Criminal Social Identity, Self-Esteem Measure for Criminals, The Child Sexual Abuse Myth Scale, Attitudes Towards Male Sexual Dating Violence, and Lie Scale were administered to 1,794 prisoners systematically sampled from 10 maximum- and medium-security prisons. Dimensionality and construct validity of the PPTS was investigated using traditional CFA techniques, along with confirmatory bifactor analysis and multitrait-multimethod modelling (MTMM). Seven alternative models of the PPTS were specified and tested using Mplus with WLSMV estimation. Results: MTMM model of PPTS offered the best representation of the data. The results suggest that the PPTS consists of four subscales (affective responsiveness, cognitive responsiveness, interpersonal manipulation, and egocentricity) while controlling for two method factors (knowledge/skills and attitudes/beliefs). Good composite reliability and differential predictive validity was observed. Conclusion: This brief measure of psychopathic traits uncontaminated with behavioural items can be used in the same way among participants with and without criminal history.
Affiliation:
University of Huddersfield; SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland; University of Chester; Leeds Beckett University; Iowa State University
Citation:
Boduszek, D., Debowska, A., Dhingra, K., & DeLisi, M. (2016). Introduction and validation of the Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS) in a large prison sample. Journal of Criminal Justice, 46 (Sept), 9-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.02.004
Publisher:
Elsevier
Journal:
Journal of Criminal Justice
Publication Date:
Feb-2016
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/595520
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.02.004
Additional Links:
http://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-criminal-justice/
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
0047-2352
Appears in Collections:
Psychology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBoduszek, Danielen
dc.contributor.authorDebowska, Agataen
dc.contributor.authorDhingra, Katieen
dc.contributor.authorDeLisi, Matthewen
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-03T12:38:24Zen
dc.date.available2016-02-03T12:38:24Zen
dc.date.issued2016-02en
dc.identifier.citationBoduszek, D., Debowska, A., Dhingra, K., & DeLisi, M. (2016). Introduction and validation of the Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS) in a large prison sample. Journal of Criminal Justice, 46 (Sept), 9-17. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.02.004en
dc.identifier.issn0047-2352en
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2016.02.004en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/595520en
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The aim of this study was to create and validate a brief self-report scale of psychopathic personality traits for research purposes which would grasp the essence of a psychopathic personality, regardless of respondents’ age, gender, cultural background, and criminal history. Methods: The Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS), The Measure of Criminal Social Identity, Self-Esteem Measure for Criminals, The Child Sexual Abuse Myth Scale, Attitudes Towards Male Sexual Dating Violence, and Lie Scale were administered to 1,794 prisoners systematically sampled from 10 maximum- and medium-security prisons. Dimensionality and construct validity of the PPTS was investigated using traditional CFA techniques, along with confirmatory bifactor analysis and multitrait-multimethod modelling (MTMM). Seven alternative models of the PPTS were specified and tested using Mplus with WLSMV estimation. Results: MTMM model of PPTS offered the best representation of the data. The results suggest that the PPTS consists of four subscales (affective responsiveness, cognitive responsiveness, interpersonal manipulation, and egocentricity) while controlling for two method factors (knowledge/skills and attitudes/beliefs). Good composite reliability and differential predictive validity was observed. Conclusion: This brief measure of psychopathic traits uncontaminated with behavioural items can be used in the same way among participants with and without criminal history.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.journals.elsevier.com/journal-of-criminal-justice/en
dc.subjectPsychopathyen
dc.subjectPsychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS)en
dc.subjectPrison populationen
dc.subjectMultitrait-multimethod analysisen
dc.titleIntroduction and validation of Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS) in a large prison sampleen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Huddersfield; SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Poland; University of Chester; Leeds Beckett University; Iowa State Universityen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Criminal Justiceen
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