High-stakes lies: Verbal and nonverbal cues to deception in public appeals for help with missing or murdered relatives

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/348563
Title:
High-stakes lies: Verbal and nonverbal cues to deception in public appeals for help with missing or murdered relatives
Authors:
Wright Whelan, Clea; Wagstaff, Graham; Wheatcroft, Jacqueline M. ( 0000-0001-7212-1598 )
Abstract:
Low ecological validity is a common limitation in deception studies. The present study investigated the real life, high stake context of public appeals for help with missing or murdered relatives. Behaviours which discriminated between honest and deceptive appeals included some previously identified in research on high stakes lies (deceptive appeals contained more equivocal language, gaze aversion, head shaking, and speech errors), and a number of previously unidentified behaviours (honest appeals contained more references to norms of emotion/behaviour, more expressions of hope of finding the missing relative alive, more expressions of positive emotion towards the relative, more expressions of concern/pain, and an avoidance of brutal language). Case by case analyses yielded 78% correct classifications. Implications are discussed with reference to the importance of using ecologically valid data in deception studies, the context specific nature of some deceptive behaviours, and social interactionist, and individual behavioural profile, accounts of cues to deception.
Affiliation:
University of Liverpool
Citation:
High-stakes lies: Verbal and nonverbal cues to deception in public appeals for help with missing or murdered relatives. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 2014, 21(4), 523-537
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Journal:
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
Publication Date:
23-Sep-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/348563
DOI:
10.1080/13218719.2013.839931
Additional Links:
http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tppl20#.VSPaek10xFo; http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13218719.2013.839931
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Psychiatry, Psychology and Law on 23/9/2013 available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13218719.2013.839931
ISSN:
1321-8719
EISSN:
1934-1687
Sponsors:
ESRC grant number [ES/I90316X/1]
Appears in Collections:
Psychology

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorWright Whelan, Cleaen
dc.contributor.authorWagstaff, Grahamen
dc.contributor.authorWheatcroft, Jacqueline M.en
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-07T13:25:59Zen
dc.date.available2015-04-07T13:25:59Zen
dc.date.issued2013-09-23en
dc.identifier.citationHigh-stakes lies: Verbal and nonverbal cues to deception in public appeals for help with missing or murdered relatives. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 2014, 21(4), 523-537en
dc.identifier.issn1321-8719en
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/13218719.2013.839931en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/348563en
dc.descriptionThis is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Psychiatry, Psychology and Law on 23/9/2013 available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13218719.2013.839931en
dc.description.abstractLow ecological validity is a common limitation in deception studies. The present study investigated the real life, high stake context of public appeals for help with missing or murdered relatives. Behaviours which discriminated between honest and deceptive appeals included some previously identified in research on high stakes lies (deceptive appeals contained more equivocal language, gaze aversion, head shaking, and speech errors), and a number of previously unidentified behaviours (honest appeals contained more references to norms of emotion/behaviour, more expressions of hope of finding the missing relative alive, more expressions of positive emotion towards the relative, more expressions of concern/pain, and an avoidance of brutal language). Case by case analyses yielded 78% correct classifications. Implications are discussed with reference to the importance of using ecologically valid data in deception studies, the context specific nature of some deceptive behaviours, and social interactionist, and individual behavioural profile, accounts of cues to deception.en
dc.description.sponsorshipESRC grant number [ES/I90316X/1]en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.tandfonline.com/loi/tppl20#.VSPaek10xFoen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13218719.2013.839931en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Psychiatry, Psychology and Lawen
dc.subjectdeceptionen
dc.subjectlie detectionen
dc.subjecthigh stakes liesen
dc.titleHigh-stakes lies: Verbal and nonverbal cues to deception in public appeals for help with missing or murdered relativesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1934-1687en
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Liverpoolen
dc.identifier.journalPsychiatry, Psychology and Lawen
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