Speaker sex effects on temporal and spectro-temporal measures of speech

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/326118
Title:
Speaker sex effects on temporal and spectro-temporal measures of speech
Authors:
Herrmann, Frank ( 0000-0002-8867-7221 ) ; Cunningham, Stuart P.; Whiteside, Sandra P.
Abstract:
This study investigated speaker sex differences in the temporal and spectro-temporal parameters of English monosyllabic words spoken by thirteen women and eleven men. Vowel and utterance duration were investigated. A number of formant frequency parameters were also analysed to assess the spectro-temporal dynamic structures of the monosyllabic words as a function of speaker sex. Absolute frequency changes were measured for the first (F1), second (F2), and third (F3) formant frequencies (ΔF1, ΔF2, and ΔF3, respectively). Rates of these absolute formant frequency changes were also measured and calculated to yield measurements for rF1, rF2, and rF3. Normalised frequency changes (normΔF1, normΔF2, and normΔF3), and normalised rates of change (normrF1, normrF2, and normrF3) were also calculated. F2 locus equations were then derived from the F2 measurements taken at the onset and temporal mid points of the vowels. Results indicated that there were significant sex differences in the spectro-temporal parameters associated with F2: ΔF2, normΔF2, rF2, and F2 locus equation slopes; women displayed significantly higher values for ΔF2, normΔF2 and rF2, and significantly shallower F2 locus equation slopes. Collectively, these results suggested lower levels of coarticulation in the speech samples of the women speakers, and corroborate evidence reported in earlier studies.
Affiliation:
University of Chester ; University of Sheffield ; University of Sheffield
Citation:
Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2014, 44(1), pp. 59-74
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Journal:
Journal of the International Phonetic Association
Publication Date:
1-Apr-2014
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/326118
DOI:
10.1017/S0025100313000315
Additional Links:
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPA
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
This is the version of record of an article published in Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2014, 44(1), pp. 59-74 ©Cambridge University Press. The definitive version is available at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPA
ISSN:
0025-1003
EISSN:
1475-3502
Appears in Collections:
English

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHerrmann, Franken
dc.contributor.authorCunningham, Stuart P.en
dc.contributor.authorWhiteside, Sandra P.en
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-16T15:37:00Zen
dc.date.available2014-09-16T15:37:00Zen
dc.date.issued2014-04-01en
dc.identifier.citationJournal of the International Phonetic Association, 2014, 44(1), pp. 59-74en
dc.identifier.issn0025-1003en
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0025100313000315en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/326118en
dc.descriptionThis is the version of record of an article published in Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 2014, 44(1), pp. 59-74 ©Cambridge University Press. The definitive version is available at http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPAen
dc.description.abstractThis study investigated speaker sex differences in the temporal and spectro-temporal parameters of English monosyllabic words spoken by thirteen women and eleven men. Vowel and utterance duration were investigated. A number of formant frequency parameters were also analysed to assess the spectro-temporal dynamic structures of the monosyllabic words as a function of speaker sex. Absolute frequency changes were measured for the first (F1), second (F2), and third (F3) formant frequencies (ΔF1, ΔF2, and ΔF3, respectively). Rates of these absolute formant frequency changes were also measured and calculated to yield measurements for rF1, rF2, and rF3. Normalised frequency changes (normΔF1, normΔF2, and normΔF3), and normalised rates of change (normrF1, normrF2, and normrF3) were also calculated. F2 locus equations were then derived from the F2 measurements taken at the onset and temporal mid points of the vowels. Results indicated that there were significant sex differences in the spectro-temporal parameters associated with F2: ΔF2, normΔF2, rF2, and F2 locus equation slopes; women displayed significantly higher values for ΔF2, normΔF2 and rF2, and significantly shallower F2 locus equation slopes. Collectively, these results suggested lower levels of coarticulation in the speech samples of the women speakers, and corroborate evidence reported in earlier studies.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPAen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of the International Phonetic Associationen
dc.subjectacoustic phoneticsen
dc.subjectsex differencesen
dc.subjectcoarticulationen
dc.subjectF2 Locus equationsen
dc.titleSpeaker sex effects on temporal and spectro-temporal measures of speechen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1475-3502en
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Chester ; University of Sheffield ; University of Sheffielden
dc.identifier.journalJournal of the International Phonetic Associationen
This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License
Creative Commons
All Items in ChesterRep are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.