Metatarsophalangeal joint function during sprinting: A comparison of barefoot and sprint spike shod foot conditions

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/323863
Title:
Metatarsophalangeal joint function during sprinting: A comparison of barefoot and sprint spike shod foot conditions
Authors:
Smith, Grace; Lake, Mark; Lees, Adrian
Abstract:
The metatarsophalangeal joint is an important contributor to lower limb energetics during sprint running. This study compared the kinematics, kinetics and energetics of the metatarsophalangeal joint during sprinting barefoot and wearing standardised sprint spikes. The aim of this investigation was to determine whether standard sprinting footwear alters the natural motion and function of the metatatarsophalangeal joint exhibited during barefoot sprint running. Eight trained sprinters performed maximal sprints along a runway, four sprints in each condition. Three dimensional high speed (1000 Hz) kinematic and kinetic data were collected at the 20 m point. Joint angle, angular velocity, moment, power and energy were calculated for the metatarsophalangeal joint. Sprint spikes significantly increase sprinting velocity (0.3 m/s average increase), yet limit the range of motion about the metatarsophalangeal joint (17.9 % average reduction) and reduce peak dorsiflexion velocity (25.5 % average reduction), thus exhibiting a controlling affect over the natural behaviour of the foot. However, sprint spikes improve metatarsophalangeal joint kinetics by significantly increasing the peak metatarsophalangeal joint moment (15 % average increase) and total energy generated during the important push-off phase (0.5 J to 1.4 J). The results demonstrate substantial changes in metatarsophalangeal function and potential improvements in performance-related parameters due to footwear.
Affiliation:
University of Chester ; Liverpool John Moores University ; Liverpool John Moores University
Citation:
Journal of Applied Biomechanics, 2014, 30(2), pp. 206-212
Journal:
Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Publication Date:
13-Sep-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10034/323863
DOI:
10.1123/jab.2013-0072
PubMed ID:
24042098
Additional Links:
http://journals.humankinetics.com/jab
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
This is the authors' post print as accepted for publication in Journal of Applied Biomechanics. The published version is available at http://journals.humankinetics.com/jab
ISSN:
1065-8483
EISSN:
1543-2688
Appears in Collections:
Sport and Exercise Sciences

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Graceen
dc.contributor.authorLake, Marken
dc.contributor.authorLees, Adrianen
dc.date.accessioned2014-07-28T15:25:55Z-
dc.date.available2014-07-28T15:25:55Z-
dc.date.issued2013-09-13-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Applied Biomechanics, 2014, 30(2), pp. 206-212en
dc.identifier.issn1065-8483-
dc.identifier.pmid24042098-
dc.identifier.doi10.1123/jab.2013-0072-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10034/323863-
dc.descriptionThis is the authors' post print as accepted for publication in Journal of Applied Biomechanics. The published version is available at http://journals.humankinetics.com/jaben
dc.description.abstractThe metatarsophalangeal joint is an important contributor to lower limb energetics during sprint running. This study compared the kinematics, kinetics and energetics of the metatarsophalangeal joint during sprinting barefoot and wearing standardised sprint spikes. The aim of this investigation was to determine whether standard sprinting footwear alters the natural motion and function of the metatatarsophalangeal joint exhibited during barefoot sprint running. Eight trained sprinters performed maximal sprints along a runway, four sprints in each condition. Three dimensional high speed (1000 Hz) kinematic and kinetic data were collected at the 20 m point. Joint angle, angular velocity, moment, power and energy were calculated for the metatarsophalangeal joint. Sprint spikes significantly increase sprinting velocity (0.3 m/s average increase), yet limit the range of motion about the metatarsophalangeal joint (17.9 % average reduction) and reduce peak dorsiflexion velocity (25.5 % average reduction), thus exhibiting a controlling affect over the natural behaviour of the foot. However, sprint spikes improve metatarsophalangeal joint kinetics by significantly increasing the peak metatarsophalangeal joint moment (15 % average increase) and total energy generated during the important push-off phase (0.5 J to 1.4 J). The results demonstrate substantial changes in metatarsophalangeal function and potential improvements in performance-related parameters due to footwear.en
dc.languageENG-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://journals.humankinetics.com/jaben
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Journal of applied biomechanicsen
dc.subjectsprintingen
dc.subjectjoint functionen
dc.subjectfoot conditionsen
dc.titleMetatarsophalangeal joint function during sprinting: A comparison of barefoot and sprint spike shod foot conditionsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1543-2688-
dc.contributor.departmentUniversity of Chester ; Liverpool John Moores University ; Liverpool John Moores Universityen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Applied Biomechanicsen

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