Welcome to ChesterRep - the University of Chester's Online Research Repository

ChesterRep is the University of Chester's institutional repository and an online platform designed to collate, store, and aid discoverability of research carried out at the university to the wider research community

For more information about how to submit material to ChesterRep, see our ChesterRep guides here. You can also find out more about our editorial and open access policies here. Please note that you must be a member of the University of Chester in order to view these pages.

  • Book Review: Inclusivity and Equality in Performance Training: Teaching and Learning for Neuro and Physical Diversity

    Piasecka, Shelley; University of Chester (University of Colorado Boulder, 2024-04-30)
    Book Review
  • Editorial: The Case for More Action and More Research into Health Care Provision and Health Inequalities for People with Intellectual Disabilities

    Chapman, Hazel M.; McMahon, Martin; Kaley, Alexandra; Mafuba, Kay; Donovan, Mary-Ann; University of Chester; Trinity College Dublin; University of Essex; University of West London; University of Sydney (Wiley, 2024-06)
    When we accepted the role of guest editors for this special edition on health inequalities, we did not foresee the range and variance of submissions that reflected the lived experience of the health inequalities in people with intellectual disabilities. This is reflected in the diverse and rich mix of studies covering a broad range of topics and methodologies included in this special edition. The pursuit of equity of access to health care is a central objective of many health care systems. These papers collectively illustrate the urgent need to recognise the intersecting influences of gender, disability and other social determinants of health in shaping individuals’ experiences and access to healthcare services. Moreover, these findings highlight the critical importance of incorporating the lived experiences and perspectives of people with intellectual disabilities into research, policy and practice. Looking ahead, it is essential to adopt an intersectional approach that acknowledges diverse and intersecting identities of people with intellectual disabilities, particularly women, in designing and implementing interventions designed to address health inequalities. This requires, not only addressing systemic barriers within healthcare systems, but also challenging societal attitudes and prejudices that perpetuate discrimination and marginalisation.
  • Food bank perceptions and food insecurity of older people: findings from an empirical study and how health and social care professionals might offer more support

    Ellahi, Basma; Carey, Malcolm; Chapman, Hazel M.; University of Chester; Liverpool Hope University (Policy Press, 2024)
    Food insecurity continues to increase in the UK, and includes a lack of adequate resources to shop, cook, and eat. Among social groups most likely to experience poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition, relatively few older adults have traditionally accessed food banks. This is despite malnutrition representing a common cause of functional decline and mortality amongst older people. This article draws from interviews in Cambridge with older adults, volunteers and others working with older people. It details why some older people who experience hunger or malnutrition may not access the services of a food bank. Among other findings, we highlight the impact of stigma and pride upon many older adult’s viewpoints, as well as the possible negative effects of chronic illness, isolation, reductions in social care funding and policy-based reforms. The potential of social and health care services to better support older people experiencing food insecurity and malnutrition is highlighted.
  • Management of intraspecific aggression in two bull giraffes (Giraffa camelopardalis ssp. rothschildi)

    Stanley, Christina R.; Harley, Jessica L.; Tracey, Roann; Banks, Lindsay; University of Chester; University Centre Reaseheath; Knowsley Safari (Wiley, 2024-12-31)
    Maintaining non-breeding individuals in zoological collections may sometimes necessitate housing bachelor groups. In turn, intact cohabiting males may express increased intraspecific agonistic behaviors and management intervention may be indicated. Where castration is deemed inappropriate (e.g., future breeding, or anesthesia and surgery-related risk), the immune-contraceptive gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is increasingly used as an alternative. When intraspecific aggression (sparring) in two bull giraffes housed as a bachelor pair at Knowsley Safari, UK, escalated in frequency and intensity (despite management interventions), further mediation was warranted to moderate sparring behaviors. The EEP recommendation was for one giraffe, the (slightly) older, outwardly mature (darker, strong musth) individual, to be treated with the GnRH vaccine Improvac® (Zoetis, USA). To gauge the efficacy of vaccination, behavioral observations were conducted during each vaccination Phase to identify changes in the frequency of sparring behaviors. In addition, fecal samples were collected by keepers and sent to Chester Zoo's Endocrine Diagnostic Laboratory for analysis to compare androgen levels between the pre- and post-vaccination Phases. Testicular atrophy was investigated using both visual inspection and photographic images. The GnRH vaccine Improvac® initially appeared to be associated with reduced aggressive behaviors in the two bull giraffes. Sparring behaviors decreased in frequency after each vaccination Phase, although these did not significantly diminish until Phase 4. Physiological markers were inconclusive as testosterone concentrations varied throughout the Phases, although levels remained low after the fourth vaccination Phase. Approximately eight months following the initial vaccination with Improvac®, the unvaccinated bull exhibited heightened aggression, resulting in physical aggression and injury to the vaccinated bull. As a result, both bulls are now on an Improvac® vaccination schedule which has enabled them to remain housed together as a bachelor pair.
  • Environmental factors modulate the distribution of elasmobranchs in southern Mozambique

    Murie, Calum; Oliver, Simon P.; Gavard, Livia; Lebrato, Mario; Brown, James; Lawrence, Andrew; University of Chester; Underwater Africa, Mozambique; The Thresher Shark Research and Conservation Project, Phillipines; Bazaruto Centre for Scientific Studies (BCSS), Mozambique (Frontiers Media, 2024-05-21)
    Investigating the spatiotemporal ecology of elasmobranchs is an important precursor to their effective management. Understanding long-term patterns in the movement and habitat use of threatened species can improve management plans so that they yield increased conservation benefits. We investigated the spatiotemporal and environmental drivers that underpin the abundance and distribution of elasmobranchs around reef habitats in southern Mozambique to highlight reefs that are important (“hotspots”) to the regional elasmobranch community. Visual belt transects (n = 738), supported by video recordings, were completed on 16 reef sites off the coast of southern Mozambique from 2018 to 2022. Nine elasmobranch species were encountered annually (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos, Triaenodon obesus, Stegostoma tigrinum, Neotrygon caeruleopunctata, Pateobatis jenkinsii, Taeniurops meyeni, Mobula kuhlii, Mobula alfredi, Mobula birostris) and 11 individual environmental and spatiotemporal parameters (horizontal water visibility, tidal range and state, moon illumination, temperature on the reef, cloud cover, time of day, day of the year, transect distance from shore, transect depth, and the region that the transect occurred in) were measured. All species, (bar P. jenkinsii) were significantly more abundant around certain reefs in the sampled region. Total counts for most species were highest in the austral summer however two species’ (M. birostris and S. tigrinum) were most abundant in the winter months. The tidal state, tidal range, and moon illumination correlated significantly with the numbers of each of the nine elasmobranch species. Non-Metric Multidimensional Scaling (NMDS) indicated that species’ responses to the measured parameters grouped taxonomically. Environmental influences resulted in strong seasonal patterns of reef use by large-bodied and pelagic elasmobranch species (e.g. manta rays). The measured environmental parameters also resulted in daily, monthly, and seasonal patterns of abundance of reef-resident stingray and shark species. Banning extraction of elasmobranch species around the reefs where they aggregate and reflecting species distributions within fisheries regulations may significantly benefit the regional elasmobranch community.

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